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The Rediscovery and Reception of Gandharan Art
Proceedings of the Fourth International Workshop of the Gandhāra Connections Project, University of Oxford, 24th-26th March, 2021

edited by Wannaporn Rienjang and Peter Stewart

From the archaeologists and smugglers of the Raj to the museums of post-partition Pakistan and India, from coin-forgers and contraband to modern Buddhism and contemporary art, this fourth volume of the Classical Art Research Centre’s Gandhāra Connections project presents the most recent research on the factors that mediate our encounter with Gandhāran art.

Published March 2022

ISBN 978-1-80327-233-7
ISBN 978-1-80327-234-4 (e-Pdf)

This is the Classical Art Research Centre's fourth free, online ebook, issued under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International Licence. It is also available to buy in print from Archaeopress.

Download the free eBook version or separate chapters published in Archaeopress Open Access. For more information regarding publishing in Open Access with Archaeopress please visit their website.

Download the whole book from the Gandhara Connections website (51MB).

Browse or download on Google Books/Google Play
Browse or download on the Internet Archive
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Links to download individual chapters of the book are also further down this page.​

Chapter downloads


Wannaporn Rienjang and Peter Stewart [DOI: 10.32028/9781803272337-1]

Part 1 Archaeology and Collecting History:


Reconstructing Jamālgarhī and Appendix B: the archaeological record 1848-1923

Elizabeth Errington [DOI: 10.32028/9781803272337-2] ;

Gandhāran stucco sculptures from Sultan Khel (former Khyber Agency) in the collection of Peshawar Museum: a study in three parts
Zarawar Khan, Fawad Khan, and Ghayyur Shahab [DOI: 10.32028/9781803272337-3]

A unique collection of confiscated material of Gandhāra (Pakistan)
Muhammad Ashraf Khan and Tahir Saeed [DOI: 10.32028/9781803272337-4]


Part 2 Receptions:


Gandhāran imagery as remembered by Buddhist communities across Asia
Kurt A. Behrendt [DOI: 10.32028/9781803272337-5]

Archaeology of Buddhism in post-partition Punjab: the disputed legacy of Gandhāra
Himanshu Prabha Ray [DOI: 10.32028/9781803272337-6]

From colonial Greece to postcolonial Rome? Re-orienting ancient Pakistan in museum guides in the 1950s and 1960s
Andrew Amstutz [DOI: 10.32028/9781803272337-7]

Stories of Gandhāra: antiquity, art and idol
Shaila Bhatti [DOI: 10.32028/9781803272337-8]

The art of deception: perspectives on the problem of fakery in Gandhāran numismatics
Shailendra Bhandare [DOI: 10.32028/9781803272337-9]

Gandhāra in the news: rediscovering Gandhāra in The Times and other media
Helen Wang [DOI: 10.32028/9781803272337-10]

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