Main SiteGandhara Connections Vase Corpus (CVA Online)

Useful links for the Study of Gandharan Art

Museums and Collections in Pakistan and Afghanistan
International Museums and Collections
Research Centres and Other Organizations

Archaeological Survey of India

Ancient Indian & Iran Trust, Cambridge

Directorate of Archaeology & Museums, Govt. of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa

Oxford Centre for Buddhist Studies (including details of annual online Pali school)

Robert N.H. Ho Family Foundation Centre for Buddhist Art & Conservation, Courtauld Institute of Art, London

Archaeology Institute of Afghanistan

Italian Archaeological Mission in Pakistan (MAIP of IsMEO)

The Oriental Institute-National Museum of Afghanistan Partnership Project (University of Chicago)

Archaeological Sites

Mes Aynak, Afghanistan (Afghanistan heritage)

Nimogram: Joan Raducha archive of photographs at University of Wisconsin, Madison

Takht-i-Bahi (virtual tour)

Other Projects
Useful web resources
Free Online Publications (see also Gandhara Connections Bibliography)

I. Ali and M.N. Qazi, Gandhara Sculptures in the Peshawar Museum (Life Story of Buddha) (Mansehra, 2008)

K. Behrendt, The Art of Gandhara in the Metropolitan Museum of Art (New York, 2007)

S. Glenn, Graeco-Bactrian and Indo-Greek Coins: A Bibliography of the Numismatics of the Hellenistic Far East (online publication, first edition, 2016)

H. Hargreaves, Handbook to the Sculptures in the Peshawar Museum (Revised edition, Calcutta 1930)

Pakistan Heritage. Peer reviewed journal from the Archaeology Department of Hazara University; volume 4 (2012) onwards online.

UNESCO, History of Civilizations of Central Asia (online publication in six volumes; includes Gandharan art and the Kushans)

Lectures and Films
Images of Gandharan art

Lahore Museum image gallery: very large collection of photographs of Gandharan objects in the Museum (more than 900 images) or see above under Lahore Museum on Museums and Collections in Pakistan and Afghanistan

Eastern Art Online: the Ashmolean Museum’s online database of its own collections, including about 80 Gandharan objects.

British Museum collections database - access to a vast database which includes images of more than a thousand Gandhara-related artefacts.

The Warburg Institute: about 500 historic images of Gandharan sculpture.

The Huntington Archive: several hundred thousand images of Buddhist and other Asian art and many other resources, built up by John C. and Susan L. Huntington. Now hosted at University of Chicago.

Metropolitan Museum of Art collections database: includes nearly 200 high-quality, open access images of Gandharan art.

LACMA collections database: includes around 40 high-quality, open access images of Gandharan art.

Staatliche Museen zu Berlin (Museum für Asiatische Kunst) - collection database including nearly 200 Gandharan images.

Victoria and Albert Museum, London: collections database including almost 500 photographs of Gandhara-related artefacts.

The British Library: do a website search for ‘Gandhara’ to bring up more than 150 high-resolution, historic images of Gandharan sites and sculptures.

Nimogram: Joan Raducha archive of photographs at University of Wisconsin, Madison - hundreds of very high-quality photographs of sculptures and other images from this important site.

Europeana Collections (aggregates material from many public museum databases: search for 'Gandhara' to find more than 250 records)

Google Arts & Culture (search site for 'Gandhara' to find many images and tours of international museum collections etc.)


We are pleased to receive corrections and suggestions of additions to this list.


Site map Copyright Accessibility Privacy statement Contact us
Gandhara Connections
Gandhara Connections on Facebook
Gandhara Connections on Twitter
Back to top