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213390, ATHENIAN, London, British Museum, London, British Museum, London, British Museum, 1839,0214.68

  • Vase Number: 213390
  • Fabric: ATHENIAN
  • Technique: RED-FIGURE
  • Shape Name: STAMNOS
  • Provenance: ITALY, ETRURIA, CERVETERI
  • Date: -475 to -425
  • Inscriptions: Kalos/Kale: NIKODEMOS KALOS
    NIKODEMOS
    Named: ARCHENAUTES, SOSIPHOS
  • Attributed To: POLYGNOTOS by BEAZLEY
  • Decoration: A: SACRIFICE, DRAPED MAN (NAMED) WITH CUP, NIKE WITH WREATH, ALTAR WITH FIRE AND OBJECT ? (MEAT ?) YOUTHS (SPLANCHNOPTS), ONE PLAYING PIPES (NAMED)
    B: DRAPED YOUTHS, ONE WITH STAFF, ONE WITH LYRE
  • Last Recorded Collection: London, British Museum: 1839.2-14.68
  • Previous Collections:
  • Publication Record: Beazley, J.D., Attic Red-Figure Vase-Painters, 2nd edition (Oxford, 1963): 1028.9, 1678
    Beazley, J.D., Attic Red-Figure Vase-Painters, 2nd edition (Oxford, 1963): 1602
    Beazley, J.D., Attische Vasenmaler des rotfigurigen Stils (Tübingen, 1925): 392.4
    Bundrick, S.D., Music and Image in Classical Athens (Cambridge, 2005): 155, FIG.90 (A)
    Burn, L. and Glynn, R., Beazley Addenda (Oxford, 1982): 154
    Carpenter, T.H., with Mannack, T. and Mendonca, M., Beazley Addenda, 2nd edition (Oxford, 1989): 317
    Corpus Vasorum Antiquorum: LONDON, BRITISH MUSEUM 3, III.Ic.10, PL.(189) 24.2A-C View Whole CVA Plates
    Faulkner, N., A visitor's guide to the ancient Olympics (New Haven and London, 2012): 221, FIG.33 (A)
    Foxhall, L. and Salmon, J. (eds.), When men were men, Masculinity, power and identity in classical antiquity (London, 1998): 65, FIG.2.2 (A)
    Gebauer, J., Pompe und Thysia, attische Tieropferdarstellungen auf schwarz- und rotfigurigen Vasen (Münster, 2002): 765, FIG.252 (A)
    Gerhard, E., Auserlesene Vasenbilder (Berlin, 1840-58): III, PL.155.2-3 (COLOUR DRAWING OF A, DRAWING OF B)
    Hesperia: The Journal of the American School of Classical Studies at Athens: 83.4 (2014) 663, FIG.3 (A)
    Immerwahr, H., Attic Script, A Survey (Oxford, 1990): PL.33.133-134 (PARTS OF A)
    Jameson, M. (ed.), Cults and Rites in Ancient Greece. Essays on Religion and Society (Cambridge, 2014): 91, FIG.5.2 (A)
    Lang, F. et al. (eds.), Interdisziplinäre Forschungen in Akarnanien (Bonn, 2013): 215, FIG.2 (A)
    Lexicon Iconographicum Mythologiae Classicae: VI, PL.585, NIKE 334 (A)
    Matheson, S.B., Polygnotos and Vase Painting in Classical Athens (Madison, 1995): 48, PLS.35A-B (A, PART OF A)
    The Birth of Democracy, An Exhibition celebrating the 2500th Anniversary of Democracy at the National Archives, Washington, D.C. (Athens, 1993): 24, FIG.5 (A)
    Thesaurus Cultus et Rituum Antiquorum: III, PL.18.GR53 (A)
    Tzachou-Alexandri, O., Mind and Body: Athletic Contests in Ancient Greece (Athens, 1988): 242, NO.134 (A)
    Valavanis, P., Games and sanctuaries in ancient Greece: Olympia, Delphi, Isthmia, Nemea, Athens (Los Angeles, 2004): 148, FIG.197 (COLOUR OF A)
  • AVI Web: https://www.avi.unibas.ch/DB/searchform.html?ID=4773
  • AVI Record Number: 4601
  • LIMC ID: 16887
  • LIMC Web: http://ark.dasch.swiss/ark:/72163/080e-7492de3db999d-0
  • British Museum Link: https://www.britishmuseum.org/collection/object/G_1839-0214-68
  • CAVI Collection: London E 455.
  • CAVI Lemma: RF stamnos (mouth, neck, foot alien). From Cerveteri. Polygnotos. Third quarter fifth. Ca. 440.
  • CAVI Subject: A: sacrifice: a bearded man pouring wine; Nike above an altar; two youths with spits; a young male flute player. B: three youths, one with a lyre.
  • CAVI Inscriptions: A: above the man's (priest's) head: Αρχεναυτης. Αbove the head of the left youth: Nικοδημος. Αbove the head of the right youth: καλος{1}. The flautist: ΣΩ̣ΣΙ(ϝ)ΟΣ{2}.
  • CAVI Footnotes: {1} this has been read as Nικοδημος καλος, but the καλος may go with the second youth: see ARV[2]. {2} perhaps for Σωσιπος [but this should have ππ], or Σωσιθεος, C. Smith. The `digamma' is not that, but a miswritten letter; its top horizontal is that of a tau, the rest of the letter looks like an F. Σωσιβος(?), Threatte (1980), 39.
  • CAVI Comments: A scene from daily life, not mythological as Gerhard had thought (see Tillyard and Kretschmer). Archenautes may be the general(?) of 433 B.C.; see D.M. Lewis apud AttScr (1990), 111. A possible parallel for Nikodemos is listed in ARV[2] 1603. The vase is a close replica of Once Gotha 51, ARV[2] 1028/10, also by Polygnotos, and similar to London E 456 (Group of Polygnotos), but both name the sacrificer Diomedes. Found with London E 456. - Now cleaned. Webster (1972), 51 said the flying Nike holds a book roll but it is in an area of restoration; see Matheson n. 31. Webster read Sosibios, Matheson reads Σωσι(β̣)ος. Ionic alphabet.
  • CAVI Number: 4601
  • AVI Bibliography: CIG 4 (1855–77), no. 8453. — Kretschmer (1894), 85, n. 1. — C.H. Smith in BM Cat. E (1896), no. 455 (not ill.). — Tillyard (1923), 88/148 (not ill.). — H.B. Walters, CVA London 3, Great Britain 4 (1927), III I c, pl. 24,2a-c. — ARV[2] (1963), 1028/9, 1678. — Philippaki (1967), 142. — Webster (1972), pl. 4,a (A). — Add.[2] (1989), 217. — AttScr (1990), no. 761, figs. 133-34. — LIMC vi (1992), 878, Nike 334, pl. 585. — Matheson (1995), 46-47, 276 and nn., 347/P7, pl. 35A-B (A, detail of A).
  • CAVI / AVI Data from Henry Immerwahr's Corpus of Attic Vase Inscriptions (CAVI), updated by Rudoph Wachter's Attic Vase Inscriptions (AVI)
  • Pleiades URI: https://pleiades.stoa.org/places/422859
  • Coordinates: 41.992798,12.092428
  • Pleiades Coordinates: 42.0047755,12.10281885
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Link to this record using the address https://www.beazley.ox.ac.uk/record/DA5878C6-7D62-4F0A-8032-4EE4181548A3

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