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3971, ATHENIAN, Athens, Ephoreia, Athens, National Museum, A5606

  • Vase Number: 3971
  • Fabric: ATHENIAN
  • Technique: RED-FIGURE
  • Shape Name: LEKYTHOS
  • Provenance: GREECE, ATHENS
  • Date: -475 to -425
  • Inscriptions: ALKIMACHOS
  • Current Collection: Athens, Ephoreia: A5606
  • Previous Collections:
    • Athens, National Museum
  • Publication Record: Antike Kunst: 16 (1973) PL.12
    Archaiologikon Deltion: 24.2 (1) (1969), PL.51, LEFT
    Bulletin de Correspondance Hellenique: 95 (1971), 826, FIG.45
    Carpenter, T.H., with Mannack, T. and Mendonca, M., Beazley Addenda, 2nd edition (Oxford, 1989): 393
    Immerwahr, H., A Corpus of Attic Vase Inscriptions, Preliminary Edition (1998): 1746
    Oakley, J.H., The Achilles Painter (Mainz, 1997): PLS.74E, 75
  • AVI Web:
  • AVI Record Number: 946
  • CAVI Collection: Athens, KAM 3ε.(1). [LIST AS: Athens, Triti Ephoria A 5606.]
  • CAVI Lemma: Fragmentary RF lekythos. From Athens, Ceramicus, Marathon Street 61{2}. Achilles Painter. Third quarter fifth. Ca. 440 (Dontas). 450-445 (Oakley).
  • CAVI Subject: [Mistress and Maid:] woman to right with a small box; parts of a woman seated to left (mostly lost), wearing a diadem; at upper left, head scarf and oinochoe; at upper right, another oinochoe.
  • CAVI Inscriptions: To upper right of standing woman's head, horizontal: Χρυσοθεμις̣. Between the women, at height of standing woman's head: Αξιοπειθης | καλος | Αλκιμαχω. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Above the head of the seated woman, horizontal: Ευρυ[--]{3}.
  • CAVI Footnotes: {1} not in Beazley. Dontas does not specify where the lekythos is; his number is KAM 3ε; it is listed in Delt. as Triti Ephoria, and by Oakley as Triti Ephoria A 5606. The vase is probably the same as the [RF] lekythos listed in Add.[2] 393, with different bibliography, as `Athens, NM, from Athens', although the last word of the inscription is there given as ΑΛΚΙΜΑΧΟΣ; Dontas' vase has no final sigma there. {2} ancient rubbish heap. {3} Dontas: Eurydike, Eurykleia and Eurynome are possibilities, but D. prefers Eurydike, not the bride of Orpheus but an underworld goddess (bibl. in n. 31). - The final sigma of Chrysothemis is incomplete. Oakley in the cat. misprints the name. The ph. in Oakley shows that he rightly prints Αλκιμαχω with a final omega (for omicron upsilon). Oakley notes that the Achilles Painter never names contemporary figures; he finds Reilly's theory that the vase refers to the wedding of the Danaids attractive, since Chrysothemis, Eurydike and Eurythoe are known Danaid names. The diadem may mean that Eury[--] is the bride. See however LGPN ii. [[From CAVI 946:]] Chrysothemis and Eurydike are both listed in LGPN ii, the former i.a. from SEG 31.55, c. 440, the latter Hellenistic only. Eurynome is listed as doubtful; Eurykleia is not listed. The question is, are these two good Athenian names or is the scene mythological?
  • CAVI Comments: Oakley 14 points out that the tabella is not at the top, as most of them are, but [a bit] lower [this is because it is lower than the name of Chrysothemis and at the same height as that of the seated Eury[--]). Dontas thinks not a mistress and maid scene: Chrysothemis is a free woman and the seated woman is a bride (see further `ftn' 3). Ionic alphabet.Reilly lists the first name as Χρυσοθημις, which led me to postulate wrongly a syllabic hε [[h(ε)]] in CAVI. For the seated woman, Reilly suggests either Ευρυ[δικη] or Ευρυ[θοη]. She considers the seated woman the bride, the standing woman, an attendant. Both names suggested by her for the bride are names of Danaids; that myth is connected with weddings. Chrysothemis is also a Danaid name; but see the listing in LGPN ii. —
  • CAVI Number: 1746
  • AVI Bibliography: BADB 3971 (no museum no.; with ALKIMACHOU). — Alexandri (1969), 56 and 59f. no. 31, ph. pl. 51,β [[sm., illeg.]]. — Michaud (1971), 821, ph. 826 fig. 45 [[sm., almost invis.]]. — Dontas (1973), 71-75, pl. 12,1-4 [[sm. but vis.]]. — Add.[2] (1989), 393. — Reilly (1989), 430 and 433/13 (no ill.). — Oakley (1997), 11, 14, *64, 130/115, pls. 74E (shoulder) and 75 (shows inscriptions).
  • CAVI / AVI Data from Henry Immerwahr's Corpus of Attic Vase Inscriptions (CAVI), updated by Rudoph Wachter's Attic Vase Inscriptions (AVI)

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