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6538, Veii, Portonaccio sanctuary

  • Record number: 6538
  • Site: Veii
  • Building or zone: Portonaccio sanctuary
  • Roof element: Acroteria, human statues
  • Remarks: Menerva head antefix. Hollow, handmade, Th wall 0.8. Brown layer of fine clay over entire surface, Th 0.2. H relief neckband 1.6. 2 small holes on her left shoulder, Diam 0.5. Crest was separately made and inserted in long rectangular channel, W 2.1, D 7. Piece of lead in top for attachment. Inside of head has terracotta projection/support equal to crest insertion. Surface brown may be due to conservation.
  • Bibliography: Helbig4 III, no. 2564; Cristofani 1978, fig. 57; Riis 1981, p. 12, 12 J; Sprenger & Bartoloni 1983, p. 113, Pl. 124; Colonna 1987d, p. 423, fig. 5a-b; Winter 2009a, pp. 377-379, 5.E.1.a, fig. 5.32, Ill. 5.16.1
  • Publication record: Etruscan types of heads. Author: Riis, P.J.. Place of publication: Copenhagen. Publication Date: 1981
    Führer durch die öffentlichen Sammlungen klassischer Altertümer in Rome, Bd. 1-4. 4., völlig neu bearb. Aufl. Hrsg. Von H. Speier. Author: Helbig, W.. Place of publication: Tübingen. Publication Date: 1963-1972
    L'arte degli Etruschi. Produzione e consumo. Author: Cristofani, M.. Place of publication: Torino. Publication Date: 1978
    Note preliminari sui culti del santuario di Portonaccio à Veio. Author: Colonna, G.. Journal and volume number: ScAnt 1. Publication Date: 1987. Pages: 419-446
    Symbols of Wealth and Power: Architectural Terracotta Decoration in Etruria and Central Italy, 640-510 B.C.. Author: Winter, N.A.. Journal and volume number: MAAR Suppl. 9. Place of publication: Ann Arbor. Publication Date: 2009
    The Etruscans: their history, art, and architecture. Author: Sprenger, M. & G. Bartoloni. Place of publication: New York. Publication Date: 1983
  • Associated elements: Herakles torso
  • Type of decoration: Menerva/Athena head
  • Last Recorded Collection: Museo Nazionale Etrusco di Villa Giulia
  • Mouldmade: no
  • Height: 18.5
  • Width: 20.9
  • MPD: 12.7
  • Clay: 10YR 6/4
  • Paint: Skin light brown 10YR 6/4. Helmet darker brown 10YR 5/4. Brown-black edges of helmet, corners decorated with geometic design, thick raised panel of hair at back and double round strands on front, eyebrows, lids and pupils. Pink-red on chiton below relief of neckband. White dots on helmet, black painted edge.
  • Height head: 13
  • Height face: 8.8
  • Distance outer eyes: 6.3
  • Width nose bottom: 1.6
  • Width mouth: 2.3
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