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305499, ATHENIAN, New York (N.Y.), Metropolitan Museum, New York (N.Y.), Gallatin, 41.162.29

  • Vase Number: 305499
  • Fabric: ATHENIAN
  • Technique: BLACK-FIGURE
  • Sub Technique: WHITE GROUND
  • Shape Name: LEKYTHOS
  • Provenance: GREECE, ATTICA
  • Date: -525 to -475
  • Inscriptions: Named: HERAKLES, NYKS, HEOS, HELIOS
  • Attributed To: SAPPHO P by HASPELS
  • Last Recorded Collection: New York (N.Y.), Metropolitan Museum: 41.162.29
  • Previous Collections:
    • New York (N.Y.), Gallatin
  • Publication Record: American Journal of Archaeology: 121 (2017) 541, FIG.14 (PARTS OF BD)
    Beazley, J.D., Attic Black-Figure Vase-Painters (Oxford, 1956): 507.6, 702
    Buitron-Oliver, D. (ed.), New Perspectives in Early Greek Art (Hanover and London, 1991): 50, FIG.18 (DRAWING)
    Carpenter, T.H., with Mannack, T. and Mendonca, M., Beazley Addenda, 2nd edition (Oxford, 1989): 126
    Classical Antiquity: 12 (1993) FIG.8 AT P.266 (PART)
    Cohen, B., The Colours of Clay, Special Techniques in Athenian Vases (Los Angeles, 2006): 206-207, NO.55 (COLOUR OF BD)
    Corpus Vasorum Antiquorum: CAMBRIDGE (MA), FOGG MUSEUM AND GALLATIN COLLECTIONS, 93-94, PL.(392) 44.1A-D View Whole CVA Plates
    Eidinow, E., and Kindt. J. (eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Ancient Greek Religion (Oxford, 2015): 52-53, FIGS.5.1-5.2 (PARTS OF BD)
    Gebauer, J., Pompe und Thysia, attische Tieropferdarstellungen auf schwarz- und rotfigurigen Vasen (Münster, 2002): 758, FIG.234 (BD)
    Haspels, C.H.E., Attic Black-figured Lekythoi (Paris, 1936): 226.6, PL.32.1A-D
    Haspels, C.H.E., Attic Black-figured Lekythoi (Paris, 1936): 96, 98-99, 113, 120.3, 226.6, PL.32.1
    Hatzivassiliou, E., Athenian Black Figure Iconography between 510 and 475 B.C. (Rahden, 2010): PL.5.2-5 (BD)
    Jahrbuch des Deutschen Archäologischen Instituts: 119 (2004) 21, FIG.14 (BD)
    Lexicon Iconographicum Mythologiae Classicae: IV, PLS.80, GANYMEDES 59, 122, GIGANTES 144 (PARTS)
    Lexicon Iconographicum Mythologiae Classicae: V, PL.638, HELIOS 105
    Lissarrague, F., Greek Vases, The Athenians and their Images (2001): 168-169, FIGS.128-129 (DRAWING AND COLOUR OF PART OF BD)
    Marconi, C., Temple Decoration and Cultural Identity in the Archaic Greek World, The Metopes of Selinus (Cambridge, 2007): 142, FIG.70 (BD)
    Mertens, J., How to read Greek vases (New York, 2010): 7, 100-103 (COLOUR OF BD AND PARTS)
    Morais, R., Centeno, R., and Freitas Ferreira, D. (eds.), Myths, Gods and Heroes. Greek Vases in Portugal – Mitos, Deuses e Heróis. Vasos Gregos em Portugal (Porto, 2022): II, 167, FIG.4 (COLOUR OF BD)
    Schertz, P. and Stribling, N. (eds.), The Horse in Ancient Greek Art, National Sporting Library & Museum Middleburg, Virginia (Middleburg and Richmond, 2017): 28, FIG.22 (COLOUR OF PART OF BD)
    Siftar, L., Das Phänomen der unvollständigen Gestalt in der griechischen Kunst: Unterschiedliche Facetten eines besonderen Darstellungsmittels (Heidelberg, 2018): 383, FIG.21.10 (BD)
    Spivey, N. and Rasmussen, T. (eds.) Looking at Greek Vases (Cambridge, 1991): 109, FIG.44 (DRAWING)
    Thesaurus Cultus et Rituum Antiquorum: I, PL.31.561 (DRAWING)
    Villanueva Puig, M-C. et al., Dossier: Des vases pour les Atheniens, VIe-IVe siecle avant notre ere. Metis 12 (2014): 187, FIG.6 (PART)
  • AVI Web:
  • AVI Record Number: 5666
  • LIMC ID: 14520
  • LIMC Web:
  • CAVI Collection: New York 41.162.29.
  • CAVI Lemma: BF/WG lekythos. From Attica{1}. Sappho Painter. Early fifth. 500-490 (Haspels).
  • CAVI Subject: Helios rising between Nyx, and Eos (who is departing). Heracles sacrificing at an altar.
  • CAVI Inscriptions: To left of the heads of Nyx' horses: Nυκς, retr.{2}. Above a picture of the sun which is above Helios: hελιος. To right of Eos' face: hεος. Behind Heracles' back, not facing: hερακλε(ς){3}.
  • CAVI Footnotes: {1} or Athens? {2} for κσ = χσ, see Kretschmer (1894), 179 and Threatte (1980), 20; ii, 677 (this vase); see also Threatte (1996), 577 (addendum to i, 20). {3} the kappa is miswritten, the final sigma not; it is a three-stroke sigma written vertically.
  • CAVI Comments: Ex Gallatin. One of four lekythoi from the same tomb, all inscribed: see CVA, pls. 44,2, 45,1 and 45,2. Richter suggests that Heracles is sacrificing to Helios to ask him for the golden bowl. Odd writing. Tailed rho. Three-stroke sigma and other shapes. On the subject of Heracles and Helios see also Haspels 120ff. - From the same tomb: NY 41.162.30, q.v.
  • CAVI Number: 5666
  • AVI Bibliography: Haspels (1936), *96, 98, 99, 113, 120-24, *226/6, pl. 32,1a-d (all inscriptions shown). — G.H. Chase and M.Z. Pease, CVA Fogg & Gallatin, USA 8 (1942), pl. 44,1. — ABV (1956), 507/6, 702. — Richter (1958), 75-76. — Add.[2] (1989), 126. — AttScr (1990), no. 1082. — Threatte (1996), 677.
  • CAVI / AVI Data from Henry Immerwahr's Corpus of Attic Vase Inscriptions (CAVI), updated by Rudoph Wachter's Attic Vase Inscriptions (AVI)
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