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3542, Poggio Civitate, CA2I, 2K/Courtyard building

  • Record number: 3542
  • Site: Poggio Civitate
  • Building or zone: CA2I, 2K/Courtyard building
  • Position: Ridge
  • Roof element: Acroteria, animal statues
  • Comparanda: Scale and moulding similar to 68-505
  • Remarks: Sphinx acroterion. Handmade, half life size. Ridge tile with slightly rounded top front edge. W paw 4.9. Solid sheet of terra cotta between forelegs. Round strut between wings, Th 3, H 8.5, W ca. 10. Th wing 2.4. Torso hollow. Chest rounded with raised, curving panels to either side continuing inner line of each foreleg and becoming wings. Vertical hole in back of head and below testicles and tail. Broken recently and not yet repaired. Scar on back between wings and underside of belly. Th wall 1.9- 2.4. Torso and tops of hind legs hollow with uneven, lumpy interior. Large round scar for tail (6.5-7) above vent hole; on upper back, elongated scar where tail rested, 4 cm from round scar. Diam vent holes 2.4 (below tail) 1.8 (behind testicles) pushed through from outside in. H right wing 27.5, Th at top 1.5. W leg 5.3. Above elbow joint of leg, on both sides, curving recessed channel modeling bones and muscles.
  • Bibliography: Poggio Civitate 1970, p. 30, no. 12, Pl. 16 & 18; AJA 76 (1972) 249, no. 1; Cristofani 1975, p.16, no. 1; Riis 1981, p. 68, Type 5B; Fullerton 1982, pp. 2-5, no. 1, pls. 1-3; Sprenger & Bartoloni 1983, p. 92, fig. 54; Case e palazzi d'Etruria 1985, pp. 111-112, 3.304; Bruni et al. 1988, p. 54, fig. 57; Edlund-Berry 1992, p. 223, B.1, fig. 97; Phillips 1993, pp. 23-24, fig. 17; Newland 1994, pp. 29-30, no. 1; Winter 2009a, pp. 202-203, 3.E.2.c, fig. 3.35. Ill. 3.8.3; Winter 2009b, pp. 69-70, fig. 1
  • Publication record: Antiquarium di Poggio Civitate
    Case e palazzi d'Etruria
    Considerazioni su Poggio Civitate (Murlo, Siena)
    Etruscan types of heads
    In the hills of Tuscany. Recent excavations at the Etruscan site of Poggio Civitate (Murlo, Siena)
    Poggio Civitate (Murlo, Siena): the Archaic Sanctuary. Catalogue of the exhibition, Florence-Siena, 1970
    Solving the riddle of the sphinx on the roof
    Symbols of Wealth and Power: Architectural Terracotta Decoration in Etruria and Central Italy, 640-510 B.C.
    The Etruscans: their history, art, and architecture
    The akroterial sculpture and architectural terracottas from the Upper Building at Murlo
    The seated and standing statue akroteria from Poggio Civitate (Murlo)
    The terracotta sphinx akroteria from Poggio Civitate (Murlo)
  • Type of decoration: Sphinx
  • Current Collection: Antiquarium di Poggio Civitate: 68-500 111199
  • Mouldmade: no
  • Height: 35.4
  • MPD: 18
  • Clay: 2.5YR 5/6- 5/8
  • Paint: Traces of red paint on bottom of long right lock of hair and on torso/wing below, testicles and side of belly above and side of torso below wing 10R 4/8. Surface brown 5YR 5/6.
  • Thickness tile: 3.7
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