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1804, Satricum, Temple of Mater Matuta - Etrusco-Ionian roof

  • Record number: 1804
  • Site: Satricum
  • Building or zone: Temple of Mater Matuta - Etrusco-Ionian roof
  • Roof element: Revetment plaques,figural
  • Comparanda: Caere
  • Remarks: Restored plaque includes 2 fragments of top torus (MPH 8.3, MPW 64.5, MPD 17.5) with incised & painted scale pattern/flat fascia/cavetto with painted tongue pattern & nail holes/roll/relief figured frieze with 2 pairs of riders/archers moving to left, in high relief/ projecting flat fascia bottom border. On left-hand pair, far rider holds reins of near horse & near archer turns to shoot backwards. On right-hand pair, both riders face forward to left, near one drawing bow. Archers wear short tunic, sleeveless. Skin of archers painted brown-red, near horses painted white, far black. On left-hand pair, horse head painted yellow with black eye, red harness. Far horse head in profile, near head turned out towards viewer. Horse necks hollow. Forelegs of horses in air (D 2.5-3.5). Torus at top thins from Th 4.7 to 1.5 at top, with rough resting surface on top.
  • Bibliography: Andrén 1940, p. 457, No. I:1a-b, fig. 40, Pls. 137:484 & 138:487; Knoop 1987, pp. 237-239, no. 175, fig. 10, pls. 75-76 (10033/SN257); Winter 2009a, pp. 448-449, 6.D.1.b, Ill. 6.12.2 (on drawing, final group should not be in dotted lines)
  • Publication record: Antefixa Satricana. Sixth-century architectural terracottas from the sanctuary of Mater Matuta at Satricum. Author: Knoop, R.R.. Place of publication: Assen. Publication Date: 1987
    Architectural terracottas from Etrusco-Italic Temples. Author: Andrén, A.. Place of publication: Lund/Leipzig. Publication Date: 1939-1940
    Symbols of Wealth and Power: Architectural Terracotta Decoration in Etruria and Central Italy, 640-510 B.C.. Author: Winter, N.A.. Journal and volume number: MAAR Suppl. 9. Place of publication: Ann Arbor. Publication Date: 2009
  • Associated elements: 10033/1 (10033/SN255), 10033/2 (10033/SN256), C3, T47-3-199
  • Type of decoration: Painted scale pattern/painted tongue pattern/relief figured frieze with 2 pairs of armed riders to left, left front archer turned backwards
  • Last Recorded Collection: Museo Nazionale Etrusco di Villa Giulia
  • Height: 39.5
  • Width: 68.5
  • MPD: 17.5
  • Clay: 5YR 5/6
  • Paint: Traces of yellow on near horse & rider of rt hand pair, black lines around near rider's shoulder, hem of tunic, bent knee
  • Condition: 7 fragments, not all joining
  • Cresting decoration: Torus with painted scale pattern
  • Width strigil: 4.5
  • Height central fascia: 4.5
  • Decoration central fascia: Cavetto with painted tongue pattern
  • Height lower roll: 1.7
  • Decoration lower roll: Painted bl
  • Height main field: 22.4
  • Decoration main field: Relief figured frieze
  • Thickness including relief: 4.3
  • Painted decoration only: yes
  • Length torso: 18.5
  • Width strigil: 4.5
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