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204681, ATHENIAN, Boston (MA), Museum of Fine Arts, 13.186

  • Vase Number: 204681
  • Fabric: ATHENIAN
  • Technique: RED-FIGURE
  • Shape Name: SKYPHOS
  • Provenance: ITALY, SUESSULA
  • Date: -500 to -450
  • Inscriptions: HIERON
    Signature: HIERON EPOIESEN
  • Attributed To: HIERON by SIGNATURE
  • Last Recorded Collection: Boston (MA), Museum of Fine Arts: 13.186
  • Publication Record: Anderson, J.M., The Fall of Troy in Early Greek Poetry and Art (Oxford, 1997): 258, FIGS.9A-B (A, B)
    Batino, S., Lo skyphos attico dall'iconografia alla funzione (Naples, 2002): 471, FIGS.49.1-2 (A, B)
    Beazley, J.D., Attic Red-Figure Vase-Painters, 2nd edition (Oxford, 1963): 458.1, 1654, 481
    Beazley, J.D., Attische Vasenmaler des rotfigurigen Stils (Tübingen, 1925): 211.3
    Beazley, J.D., Paralipomena (Oxford, 1971): 377
    Benndorf, O., Wiener Vorlegeblätter für archäologische Übungen (Vienna, 1888-1890/91): C, PL.1
    Bol, P. (ed.), Zum Verhältnis von Raum und Zeit in der griechischen Kunst (2003): PL.8, FIG.15 (DRAWING OF B)
    Brinkmann, V., Beobachtungen zum formalen Aufbau und zum Sinngehalt der Friese des Siphnierschatzhauses (Ennepetal, 1994): 64 (DRAWING OF PART OF B)
    Brinkmann, V., Beobachtungen zum formalen Aufbau und zum Sinngehalt der Friese des Siphnierschatzhauses (Ennepetal, 1994): 92, FIG.B (DRAWING OF PART OF A)
    Burn, L. and Glynn, R., Beazley Addenda (Oxford, 1982): 119
    Cairns, D. (ed.), Body language in the Greek and Roman worlds (Swansea, 2005): 67, FIG.6 (DRAWING OF A)
    Carpenter, T.H., Art and Myth in Ancient Greece (London, 1991): FIG.293 (DRAWING OF A)
    Carpenter, T.H., with Mannack, T. and Mendonca, M., Beazley Addenda, 2nd edition (Oxford, 1989): 243
    Carter, J.B. and Morris, S.P. (eds.), The Ages of Homer: A Tribute to Emily Townsend Vermeule (Austin, 1995): 432-433, FIGS.26.1-2 (B, AH)
    Classical Antiquity: 15 (1996) FIGS.6A-B (B, AH)
    Classical Antiquity: 22 (2003) FIGS.1-2 AT 134 (A, B)
    Furtwängler, A. and Reichhold, K., Griechische Vasenmalerei (Munich, 1904-32): PL.85
    Gazette archeologique: 1880, PLS.7-8
    Ghali-Kahil, L., Les Enlevements et le retour d'Helene (Paris, 1955): PL.4 (A)
    Hedreen, G., Capturing Troy, The Narrative Functions of Landscape in Archaic and Early Classical Greek Art (Ann Arbor, 2001): FIGS.9A-B (B, UH)
    Hoppin, A., A handbook of Attic red-figured vases signed by or attributed to the various masters of the sixth and fifth centuries B.C. (Cambridge, 1919): II, 53
    Hurwit, J.M., Artists and Signatures in Ancient Greece (Cambridge, 2015): 85, FIG.43 (A)
    Journal of the Walters Art Gallery: 55/56 (1997/98) 29, FIG.2 (A)
    Kondoleon, C. and Segal, P.C. (eds.), Aphrodite and the gods of love (Boston, 2011): 68, NO.49 (COLOUR OF PART OF A)
    Kondoleon, C., Grossmann, R.A. et al., MFA Highlights, Classical Art (Boston, 2008): 61 (COLOUR OF A AND B)
    Kressirer, K., Das Greisenalter in der griechischen Antike. Untersuchung der Vasenbilder und Schriftquellen der archaischen und klassischen Zeit (Hamburg, 2016): 831, NO.77 (PART OF B)
    Kressirer, K., Das Greisenalter in der griechischen Antike. Untersuchung der Vasenbilder und Schriftquellen der archaischen und klassischen Zeit (Hamburg, 2016): 859, NO.625 (PART OF B)
    Kunisch, N., Makron (Mainz, 1997): 14-15, 36, FIGS.7, 9, 19.300, PLS.98-99.300 (INCL. PROFILE)
    Kurtz, D.C. (ed.), Greek Vases, Lectures by J.D. Beazley (Oxford, 1989): PLS.66-67 (A, B, DRAWINGS OF A AND B)
    Lexicon Iconographicum Mythologiae Classicae: IV, PL.321, HELENE 166 (A)
    Lexicon Iconographicum Mythologiae Classicae: IV, PL.334, HELENE 243 (B)
    Lexicon Iconographicum Mythologiae Classicae: VI, PL.608, NIKOSTRATOS 2 (UH)
    Lexicon Iconographicum Mythologiae Classicae: VII, PL.405, PRIAMOS 80 (PART)
    Matheson, S.B. and Pollitt, J.J., Old Age in Greek and Roman Art (Yale, 2022): 236, APP.136 (COLOUR OF UH)
    Metropolitan Museum Journal: 26 (1991) 70, FIGS.33-34 (AH)
    Morais, R., Leao, D., and Rodriguez Perez, D. (eds.), Greek Art in Motion, Studies in Honour of Sir John Boardman on the Occasion of his 90th Birthday (Oxford, 2019): 160, FIG.8 (COLOUR OF A)
    Oakley, J.H., and Sinos, R.H., The wedding in ancient Athens (Madison, 1993): 98, FIG.86 (A)
    Pfuhl, E., Malerei und Zeichnung der Griechen (Munich, 1923): FIGS.435-6
    Recke, M., Gewalt und Leid, Das Bild des Krieges bei den Athenern im 6. und 5. Jh. v. Chr. (Istanbul, 2002): PL.22A (A)
    Reeder, E.D. et al., Pandora, Women in Classical Greece (Baltimore, 1995): 64, FIG.3 (PART OF A)
    Robertson, C.M., The art of vase-painting in classical Athens (Cambridge, 1992): 104, FIG.100 (A)
    Rosenzweig, R., Worshipping Aphrodite, Art and Cult in Classical Athens (Ann Arbor, 2004): FIG.6 (A)
    Schefold, K., Jung, F., Die Sagen von den Argonauten, von Theben und Troia in der klassischen und hellenistischen Kunst (Munich, 1989): 119, FIG.98, 295, FIG.256BIS (A, B)
    Shapiro, H.A., Personifications in Greek Art, The Representation of Abstract Concepts 600-400 BC (Zurich, 1993): 190, FIG.148 (A)
    Walter-Karydi, E., Die Athener und ihre Gräber (1000-300 v.Chr.) (Berlin, 2015): 214, FIG.116 (DRAWING OF A)
  • AVI Web:
  • AVI Record Number: 2775
  • LIMC ID: 6026
  • LIMC Web:
  • CAVI Collection: Boston 13.186.
  • CAVI Lemma: RF skyphos. From Suessula. Makron. Hieron, potter. First quarter fifth. 490-480. Hauptwerk II (Kunisch).
  • CAVI Subject: A:Paris abducting Helen{1}. B: Menelaus attacking Helen{2}.
  • CAVI Inscriptions: A: to right of the top of head of the left-most youth, just below the margin: Αινεα[ς]{3}. Above Aeneas' shield, following its curve, to left of the helmeted head of Paris: Αλεχσανδρος, retr. hελενε. To left of Aphrodite's face: Αφροδιτε, retr.{4}. To left of Peitho's raised hand, into which it runs, with the last letter raised: Πειθο. Behind a boy standing at the extreme right, along the lower body and positioned under handle A/B, vertically up: Μακρον : εγραφσεν{5}. B: Κρισευς. To left of the top of head of Chryseis: Κρισεις. To right of Aphrodite's face: Αφροδιτε. To right of Helen's face: hελενε. Behind Menelaus' helmet: Μενελεος. To left of Priam's face (he sits to left under the handle B/A): Πριαμος, retr.{6}. On the right arm of handle B/A, in the BG portion of the right hasta, Gr., from the root, facing out (see pl. 77,2): hιερον εποιεσεν{7}.
  • CAVI Footnotes: {1} O. and S. identify the scene as a procession on foot (recalling the wedding procession) with the χειρ επι καρπῳ gesture suggestion abduction. {2} Menelaus attacking Helen: Robertson (1995) believes the attack depicted is at the occasion of the embassy to Troy, not at end of Trojan War. Will publish this (see his n. 359). {3} Kunisch: Αινεα[ς], for which there is room. {4} K. does not give the inscription of Aphrodite in the cat. (cf. also the listing, p. 100 n. 402). The ph. shows it clearly. {5} under the handle, an unnamed youth to left; on his left, upward, the Makron signature. {6} Priam is seated under a handle. Kunisch reads: Πριανος, retr. {7} K. in cat. has in the sketch: εποισεν. I cannot verify this in the phs., as the area is all scratched up. On p. 8, K. says the sigma here is four-stroke; so also in the sketch; it is the only 4-stroke sigma on the vase. Cup-type handle. The glaze flaked off after the inscription was made.
  • CAVI Comments: On Kriseus and Kriseis see CB 37 and cf. Kretschmer (1894), 206, accepted in Threatte (1980), 261 and 453. I do think (pace Kretschmer) that these names are miswritten for Χρυσευς and Χρυσεις who are wrongly imported here from the Iliad. Makron is a very poor speller, cf. AttScr. Some remarks on the name Makron in CB 39. For the shape of the handles (cup type), see Kunisch, p. 15.
  • CAVI Number: 2775
  • AVI Bibliography: FR (1904–32), ii, 125-31, pl. 85 (dr.). — CB (1931–63), iii, 32/140, pls. 76-77(phs., A, B, sides; showing some of the inscriptions) (much bibl.). — ARV[2] (1963), 458/1, 1654. — Para. (1971), 377. — LIMC i (1981), Aineias 11*, Alexandros 64*. — LIMC ii (1984), Aphrodite 1256, Aphrodite 1445, Aphrodite 1471. — LIMC iii (1986), Chryses I/9. — LIMC iv (1988), 530, Helene 166* (pl. 321); 540, Helene 243* (pl. 334). — Add.[2] (1989), 243 (much bibl.). — Beazley (1989), 84-88, pls. 66-67 (after Reichhold). — AttScr (1990), no. 561. — Cohen (1991), 69-70, figs. 33-34. — Robertson (1992), 304-305, fig. 100 (A). — LIMC vi (1992), 907, Nikostratos 2* (pl. 608). — Oakley–Sinos (1993), 32-33, fig. 86 (A). — LIMC vii (1994), Peitho 2; 515, Priamos 80* (pl. 405). — Robertson (1995), 431ff., figs. 26,1-2. — Kunisch (1997), 7, 8, 15, 100 n. 402, 127f., 129-30 and n. 612, 191/300, figs. 7 (profile), 9 (ph. of Makron signature), pls. 98-99 (shows Hieron signature and traces of inscriptions) (much bibl.). — LIMC viii (1997), (suppl.) Menelaos 54.
  • CAVI / AVI Data from Henry Immerwahr's Corpus of Attic Vase Inscriptions (CAVI), updated by Rudoph Wachter's Attic Vase Inscriptions (AVI)
  • Image Credits: FURTWANGLER-REICHHOLD DRAWINGS: Please consult with Williams College Special Collections staff and Williams College Visual Resources Center staff, regarding questions about publishing and accessing materials from Williams College Special Collections. Researchers are responsible for handling any copyright issues that may be associated with collections and materials.
  • Pleiades URI:
  • Coordinates: 40.956437,14.346943
  • Pleiades Coordinates: 40.9900604421,14.3986099472

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