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275165, ATHENIAN, Oxford, Ashmolean Museum, Oxford, Ashmolean Museum, G275

  • Vase Number: 275165
  • Fabric: ATHENIAN
  • Technique: RED-FIGURE
  • Shape Name: KRATER, VOLUTE
  • Date: -475 to -425
  • Inscriptions: ALKIMACHOS
    Kalos/Kale: ALKIMACHOS KALOS
    Named: ZEUS, HERMES, EPIMETHEUS, PANDORA
  • Decoration: A: ANODOS, BIRTH OF PANDORA, ZEUS WITH SCEPTRE, HERMES, EPIMETHEUS WITH HAMMER, EROS, ALL NAMED
    B: YOUTH IN PETASOS AND CHLAMYS WITH SPEARS (THESEUS ?) PURSUING WOMAN, WOMAN FLEEING
  • Last Recorded Collection: Oxford, Ashmolean Museum: V525
  • Previous Collections:
    • Oxford, Ashmolean Museum: G275
  • Publication Record: American Journal of Archaeology: 99 (1995) 177, FIG.7 (A)
    Arafat, K., Classical Zeus, A Study in Art and Literature (Oxford, 1990): PL.17A (A)
    BEAZLEY NOTEBOOK: 21, 25.2-26
    BEAZLEY NOTEBOOK: 22, 42-44
    BEAZLEY NOTEBOOK: 26, 34.1
    Beazley, J.D., Attic Red-Figure Vase-Painters, 2nd edition (Oxford, 1963): 1562.4
    Beazley, J.D., Attic Red-figure Vase-painters, 1st ed. (Oxford, 1942): 696.22
    Beazley, J.D., Paralipomena (Oxford, 1971): 506
    Berard, C. (ed.), Images et societe en Grece ancienne, L'iconographie comme methode d'analyse, Cahiers d'Archeologie Romande 36 (Lausanne, 1987): 56, FIG.2 (B)
    Berard, D., Anodoi (Rome, 1974): PL.19, FIG.71 (A)
    Boardman, J., Athenian Red Figure Vases, The Classical Period (London, 1989): FIG.170 (A)
    Brule, P., Women of Ancient Greece (Edinburgh, 2003): 36 (A)
    Bulletin Antieke Beschaving: 64 (1989), 10, FIG.6 (DRAWING OF A)
    Cain, H-U., Gabelmann, H., and Salzmann, D. (eds.), Festschrift für Nikolaus Himmelmann (Bonn, 1989): PL.35.3 (A)
    Carpenter, T.H., Art and Myth in Ancient Greece (London, 1991): FIG.119 (A)
    Corpus Vasorum Antiquorum: OXFORD, ASHMOLEAN MUSEUM 1, 18, PLS.(113,124) 21.1-2, 32.6 View Whole CVA Plates
    Enciclopedia dell'Arte Antica: 5, 931, FIG.1141 (PART OF A)
    Hurwit, J.M., The Athenian Acropolis, History, Mythology, and Archaeology from the Neolithic Era to the Present (Cambridge, 1998): 239, FIG.202 (A)
    Kéi, N., L'esthétique des fleurs, kosmos, poikilia et kharis dans la céramique attique du VIe et du Ve siècle av. n. ère, ICON 22 (Berlin and Boston, 2022): 227, FIG.178 (A)
    Lexicon Iconographicum Mythologiae Classicae: VII, PL.100, PANDORA 4 (A)
    Morais, R., Leao, D., and Rodriguez Perez, D. (eds.), Greek Art in Motion, Studies in Honour of Sir John Boardman on the Occasion of his 90th Birthday (Oxford, 2019): 6, FIG.5 (DRAWING OF A)
    Morris, S.P., Daidalos and the Origins of Greek Art (Princeton, 1992): FIG.50 (PART OF A)
    Reeder, E.D. et al., Pandora, Women in Classical Greece (Baltimore, 1995): 285, NO.81 (COLOUR OF A, B, PART OF A)
    Shapiro H.A., Myth into Art, Poet and Painter in Classical Athens (London, 1994): 69, FIG.45 (A)
    Simon, E., Ausgewählte Schriften, I, Griechische Kunst (Mainz, 1998): 133, FIG.11.10 (A)
    Sourvinou-Inwood, C., "Reading" Greek Culture, Texts and Images, Rituals and Myths (Oxford, 1991): FIG.2 (B)
    Vickers, M., Ancient Greek Pottery (Oxford, 1999): 47, NO.35 (COLOUR OF A)
    Villanueva Puig, M-C. et al., Dossier, Des vases pour les Atheniens, VIe-IVe siecle avant notre ere. Metis 12 (2014): 288, FIG.4 (A)
  • AVI Web: https://www.avi.unibas.ch/DB/searchform.html?ID=6148
  • AVI Record Number: 5915
  • LIMC ID: 10688
  • LIMC Web: http://ark.dasch.swiss/ark:/72163/080e-743af91150a89-3
  • CAVI Collection: Oxford 525.
  • CAVI Lemma: RF volute krater. Unattributed{1}. Ca. 450.
  • CAVI Subject: A: Pandora appears to Epimetheus (with a mallet; Eros above) by rising from the ground. B: a youth with spears(2) pursuing a woman in the presence of another woman.
  • CAVI Inscriptions: A: to right of Zeus' face: Ζευς. To right of Hermes' head: hερμες. Above Epimetheus' head: Επιμεθευς. Above Pandora's head: Πανδορα. B: between the youth and the pursued woman: Αλκιμαχος and below: καλος.
  • CAVI Footnotes: {1} so ARV[2]; ARV[1] 696/22 had attributed the vase to the Group of Polygnotos, but with the proviso that it stood rather apart. {2} Theseus?, ARV[2].
  • CAVI Comments: = G 275. C. Robert interpreted Pandora as the earth goddess, comparing London D 4, q.v.; Bérard assumes an error by the vase painter who confused Ge and Pandora; so also Lendle, but Simon in LIMC disagrees: she follows Buschor and Sutton in believing that this is the artificially created Pandora [but why is she rising from the ground?]. Related by her to Sophocles' satyr play Pandora or Sphyrokopoi. Attic alphabet; alpha variable; theta with a vertical line in the circle; tailed rho; V-shaped upsilon with curved strokes.
  • CAVI Number: 5915
  • AVI Bibliography: Gardner (1901), fig. on p. 3 and pl. 1. — C. Robert (1914), 17-38. — J.D. Beazley, CVA Oxford 1, Great Britain 3 (1927), pl. 21,1-2 and 32,6. — Buschor (1937), 22-23. — Lendle (1957), 66-69. — ARV[2] (1963), 1562/4. — Para. (1971), 506. — Trendall–Webster (1971), 35, 39, no. II.8. — Bérard (1974), 164, pl. 19/71. — D.F. Sutton (1975), 350-55. — Vickers (1978), fig. 48 (A). — E. Simon, LIMC i (1981), 790-92, Anesidora. — Simon (1982), 145 and n. 149, pl. 39,a (A). — Add.[2] (1989), 388. — AttScr (1990), no. 1004.
  • CAVI / AVI Data from Henry Immerwahr's Corpus of Attic Vase Inscriptions (CAVI), updated by Rudoph Wachter's Attic Vase Inscriptions (AVI)
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Link to this record using the address https://www.beazley.ox.ac.uk/record/35D4CA22-9C1A-4428-885A-474ADFFE2706

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