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216791, ATHENIAN, Paris, Musée du Louvre, G372

  • Vase Number: 216791
  • Fabric: ATHENIAN
  • Technique: RED-FIGURE
  • Shape Name: SKYPHOS
  • Provenance: ITALY, NOLA
  • Date: -450 to -400
  • Inscriptions: Named: GIGAS, PHIGYAS
  • Attributed To: PENELOPE P by HAUSER
  • Last Recorded Collection: Paris, Musée du Louvre: G372
  • Publication Record: Avramidou, A. and Demetriou, D. (eds.), Approaching the Ancient Artifact: Representation, Narrative, and Function. A Festschrift in Honor of H. Alan Shapiro (Berlin and Boston, 2014): 382, FIG.4, 585, FIG.43 (A, COLOUR OF B)
    Batino, S., Lo skyphos attico dall'iconografia alla funzione (Naples, 2002): 472, FIG.53 (A)
    Beazley, J.D., Attic Red-Figure Vase-Painters, 2nd edition (Oxford, 1963): 1300.4
    Beazley, J.D., Attische Vasenmaler des rotfigurigen Stils (Tübingen, 1925): 366.4
    Berard, C. (ed.), Images et societe en Grece ancienne, L'iconographie comme methode d'analyse, Cahiers d'Archeologie Romande 36 (Lausanne, 1987): 74, FIG.1 (PART OF A)
    Boardman, J., Athenian Red Figure Vases, The Classical Period (London, 1989): FIG.248 (A)
    Carpenter, T.H., with Mannack, T. and Mendonca, M., Beazley Addenda, 2nd edition (Oxford, 1989): 360
    Classical Antiquity: 22 (2003) FIG.16 AT 54 (A)
    Ellinghaus, C., Die Parthenonskulpturen, Der Bauschmuck eines öffentlichen Monumentes der demokratischen Gesellschaft Athens zur Zeit des Perikles, Techniken in der bildenden Kunst zur Tradierung von Aussagen (Hamburg, 2011): FIGS.225-226 (DRAWINGS OF A AND B)
    Furtwängler, A. and Reichhold, K., Griechische Vasenmalerei (Munich, 1904-32): PL.168.2 (A, B)
    Heinemann, A., Der Gott des Gelages. Dionysos, Satyrn und Mänaden auf attischem Trinkgeschirr des 5. Jahrhunderts v. Chr. (Berlin, 2016): FIG.145, FIG.91 (A)
    Helbig, W., Strena Helbigiana (1900): 115
    Hurwit, J.M., The Athenian Acropolis, History, Mythology, and Archaeology from the Neolithic Era to the Present (Cambridge, 1998): 75, FIG.53 (A)
    Jahrbuch des Deutschen Archäologischen Instituts: 31 (1916) 194-5
    Kéi, N., L'esthétique des fleurs, kosmos, poikilia et kharis dans la céramique attique du VIe et du Ve siècle av. n. ère, ICON 22 (Berlin and Boston, 2022): 28, FIG.4 (B)
    Neils, J., The Parthenon Frieze (Cambridge, 2001): 13, FIGS.10-11 (A, B)
    Stutzinger, D., Griechen, Etrusker und Römer: Eine Kulturgeschichte der Antiken Welt im Spiegel der Sammlungen des Archäologischen Museums Frankfurt (Regensburg, 2012): 113, FIG.105A (PART OF A)
  • AVI Web:
  • AVI Record Number: 6534
  • LIMC ID: 30002
  • LIMC Web:
  • CAVI Collection: Paris, Louvre G 372.
  • CAVI Lemma: RF skyphos. From Nola. Penelope Painter. Third quarter fifth.
  • CAVI Subject: The Building of the Acropolis Wall: A: Athena and a giant (as λιθαγωγος). B: two giants: the overseer (επισκοπος) and the architect; in the center, an olive tree.
  • CAVI Inscriptions: A: above the giant: Γιγας{1}. B: Above the left giant: Φιλυας.
  • CAVI Footnotes: {1} the first letter has a short, diagonally upward, stroke below the horizontal, which makes it look a bit like a digamma.
  • CAVI Comments: Ionic alphabet. Robertson: a propos of B: "The [overseer] is named Philyas, and an attractive theory sees an allusion here to Phidias who at this time was Pericles' overseer of building works on the Acropolis."
  • CAVI Number: 6534
  • AVI Bibliography: E. Buschor in FR (1904–32), iii, 298-301, pl. 168,2. — ARV[2] (1963), 1300/4. — Add.[2] (1989), 360. — Boardman (1989), fig. 248. — Robertson (1992), 219.
  • CAVI / AVI Data from Henry Immerwahr's Corpus of Attic Vase Inscriptions (CAVI), updated by Rudoph Wachter's Attic Vase Inscriptions (AVI)
  • Image Credits: FURTWANGLER-REICHHOLD DRAWINGS: Please consult with Williams College Special Collections staff and Williams College Visual Resources Center staff, regarding questions about publishing and accessing materials from Williams College Special Collections. Researchers are responsible for handling any copyright issues that may be associated with collections and materials.
  • Pleiades URI:
  • Coordinates: 40.930481,14.52847
  • Pleiades Coordinates: 40.926823,14.524545

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