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203912, ATHENIAN, London, British Museum, London, British Museum, London, British Museum, 1873,0820.376

  • Vase Number: 203912
  • Fabric: ATHENIAN
  • Technique: RED-FIGURE
  • Shape Name: CUP C
  • Date: -500 to -450
  • Inscriptions: BRYGOS
  • Attributed To: BRYGOS P by BEAZLEY
  • Current Collection: London, British Museum: 1873.8-10.376
  • Previous Collections:
  • Publication Record: American Journal of Archaeology: 96 (1992), 622-623, 634, FIGS.3-5, 24.2.2 (A, B, I)
    Ancient Civilizations from Scythia to Siberia, An International Journal of Comparative Studies in History and Archaeology: 12 (2006) 207, FIG.3 (A AND B)
    Archaeology: SEPTEMBER/OCTOBER 1990, 35 (A)
    Beazley, J.D., Attic Red-Figure Vase-Painters, 2nd edition (Oxford, 1963): 370.13, 398, 1649
    Beazley, J.D., Attic Red-figure Vase-painters, 1st ed. (Oxford, 1942): 247.13
    Beazley, J.D., Attische Vasenmaler des rotfigurigen Stils (Tübingen, 1925): 176.5
    Beazley, J.D., Paralipomena (Oxford, 1971): 365, 367
    Benndorf, O., Wiener Vorlegeblätter für archäologische Übungen (Vienna, 1888-1890/91): VIII, PL.6
    Bieber, M., The History of the Greek and Roman Theater, 2nd ed. (Princeton, 1961): 15, FIG.48A-B (A,B)
    Boardman, J., Athenian Red Figure Vases (London, 1975): FIG.252 (A,B)
    Boardman, J., Greek Art, 4th edition (London, 1996): 119, FIG.109 (A)
    Boardman, J., The history of Greek vases: potters, painters and pictures (London, 2001): 90, FIGS.123.1-2 (A, B)
    Brinkmann, V., Beobachtungen zum formalen Aufbau und zum Sinngehalt der Friese des Siphnierschatzhauses (Ennepetal, 1994): 108 (DRAWING OF A)
    Bundrick, S.D., Athens, Etruria, and the Many Lives of Greek Figured Pottery (Madison, 2019): 83, FIG.3.20 (A)
    Burn, L. and Glynn, R., Beazley Addenda (Oxford, 1982): 111
    Carpenter, T.H., with Mannack, T. and Mendonca, M., Beazley Addenda, 2nd edition (Oxford, 1989): 224
    Cerchiai, L., I Campani (Milan, 1995): 32.2, 33.3 (B, I)
    Clark, A.J. and Gaunt, J. (eds.), Essays in Honor of Dietrich von Bothmer, Allard Pierson Series 14 (Amsterdam, 2002): PL.46A (I)
    Cohen, B., The Colours of Clay, Special Techniques in Athenian Vases (Los Angeles, 2006): 109, FIG.2 (COLOUR OF PART OF A)
    Colpo, I. et al. (eds.), Iconografia 2001, Studi sull'immagine, Atti del Convegno (Padova, 30 maggio - 1 giugno 2001) (Rome, 2002): 80, 84, 85, FIGS.1, 4-5 (I, A)
    Corpus Vasorum Antiquorum: LONDON, BRITISH MUSEUM 9, 58, 59, 60, FIGS.01F, 01G, 01H, 03G, 11B, PLS.(838-840) 62.A-B, 63.A-B, 64.A-C
    Folsom, R., Attic Red-Figured Pottery (Parkridge, 1976): PL.25 (A)
    Furtwängler, A. and Reichhold, K., Griechische Vasenmalerei (Munich, 1904-32): I, 239, PL.47.2 (A, B, DRAWING OF I)
    Gigante, M. et al., Modi e funzioni del racconto mitico nella ceramica Greca, Italiota ed Etrusca dal VI al IV secolo A.C. (Salerno, 1995): 191, FIGS.7-8 (DRAWINGS OF A, B AND OF)
    Green, R. and Handley, E., Images of the Greek Theatre (London, 1995): 27, NO.9 (A, B)
    Hoppin, A., A handbook of Attic red-figured vases signed by or attributed to the various masters of the sixth and fifth centuries B.C. (Cambridge, 1919): I, 110
    Jahrbuch der Berliner Museen: 24 (1982) 37, FIG.18 (PART OF A)
    Johns, C., Sex or Symbol, Erotic Images of Greece and Rome (London, 1982): 44, FIG.28 (A)
    Krumeich, R., Pechstein, N., and Seidensticker, B. (eds.), Das griechische Satyrspiel (Darmstadt, 1999): PL.29 (A, B)
    Kurtz, D. & Sparkes, B. (eds.), The Eye of Greece (Cambridge, 1982): PL.30 (A,B)
    Lexicon Iconographicum Mythologiae Classicae: III, PL.531, DROMIS 1 (B), PL.64, BABAKCHOS 1 (A), PL.228, CHRYSIPPUS II 1 (I)
    Lissarrague, F., La cite des satyres. Une anthropologie ludique (Athenes, VIe-Ve siecle avant J.-C.) (Paris, 2013): FRONTCOVER, 48-49, 198, FIGS.22-23, 168 (A, PARTS OF A, COLOUR OF B)
    Monumenti inediti pubblicati dall'Instituto di Corrispondenza Archeologica (Rome, 1829-91): 9, PL.46
    Morais, R., Leao, D., and Rodriguez Perez, D. (eds.), Greek Art in Motion, Studies in Honour of Sir John Boardman on the Occasion of his 90th Birthday (Oxford, 2019): 158, FIG.6.2.2 (COLOUR OF I)
    Murray, A.S., Designs from Greek vases in the British Museum (London, 1894): FIG.43 (I)
    Oakley, J., The Greek Vase, Art of the Story Teller (London, 2013): 61, FIGS.21-22 (COLOUR OF A AND B)
    Perrot, G., Chipiez, C., Histoire de l'art dans l'antiquite, vols. IX-X (Paris, 1911-14): X, 563 (A-B)
    Pfuhl, E., Malerei und Zeichnung der Griechen (Munich, 1923): FIGS.424, 429 (I, A)
    Reeder, E.D. et al., Pandora, Women in Classical Greece (Baltimore, 1995): 86, FIG.10 (B)
    Richter, G., Perspective in Greek and Roman Art (London [1970]): FIG.87 (PART OF B)
    Robertson, C.M., The art of vase-painting in classical Athens (Cambridge, 1992): 97, FIG.90 (A)
    Schefold, K., Die Göttersage in der klassischen und hellenistischen Kunst (Munich, 1981): 124, FIGS.155-56 (A,B)
    Seltman, C.T., Attic vase-painting (Cambridge, 1933): PL.25 (A, B)
    Sparkes, B.A., The Red and the Black (London, 1996): FIG.V.13.2.2 (I)
    Stansbury-O'Donnell, M.D., Looking at Greek Art (Cambridge, 2011): 97, FIG.41 (I)
    Stewart, A., Art, Desire, and the Body in Ancient Greece (Cambridge, 1997): 189, FIG,123 (B)
    Taplin, O. and Wyles, R. (eds.), The Pronomos Vase and its Context (Oxford, 2010): 225, FIG.12.5 (A)
    Thiermann, E., Capua, Grab und Gemeinschaft. Eine kontextuelle Analyse der Nekropole Fornaci (570-400 v. Chr.) (Wiesbaden, 2012): 44, FIG.5.5 (I)
    Thomsen, A., Die Wirkung der Götter, Bilder mit Flügelfiguren auf griechischen Vasen des 6. und 5. Jahrhunderts v.Chr. (Berlin and Boston, 2011): FIG.VIII, 248, FIG.103 (B, COLOUR OF B)
    Vlassopoulos, K., Greeks and Barbarians (Cambridge, 2013): 179, FIG.18 (A)
    Walsh, D., Distorted Ideals in Greek Vase-Painting, The World of Mythological Burlesque (Cambridge, 2009): 87, FIGS.17A-B (A, B)
    Wegner, M., Brygosmaler (Berlin, 1973): PLS.6-7, 16B, 34A, 38A, 40G (I,A,B, PARTS)
    Woodford, S., An Introduction to Greek Art. Sculpture and Vase Painting in the Archaic and Classical Periods. 2nd edition (London, 2015): 71, FIG.95 (PART OF A)
    Workshop di archeologia classica. Paesaggi, costruzioni, reperti: 5 (2008) 14, FIGS.2-3 (A AND B)
  • AVI Web:
  • AVI Record Number: 4473
  • LIMC ID: 3343
  • LIMC Web:
  • British Museum Link:
  • CAVI Collection: London E 65.
  • CAVI Lemma: RF cup. From Capua{1}. Brygos Painter. Brygos, potter. First quarter fifth. 490-480. 485-480 (Williams).
  • CAVI Subject: Int.: Chrysippos served with wine by Zeuxo. A-B: Hera and Iris attacked by satyrs.
  • CAVI Inscriptions: Int.: to right of Chrysippos' mouth: Χρυσιππος. Behind the woman's head along the margin: Ζευχσο. A: Above a crouching satyr: Τερπον. To right of a satyr's mouth: Βαβακχος. Similar: hυδ(ρ)ις{2}. Similar: Στυον. Similar: hερμες, retr. Similar: hερα, retr. Similar: hερακλες, retr. (The last three persons face left). B: Similar: Δρομις. Similar: Διονυσος. Similar: Εχον. To right of Iris' middle: Ιριν. Behind a satyr's head: Λεφσις{3}. - On the reserved foot profile, in BG: Βρυγος and εποιεσεν.
  • CAVI Footnotes: {1} on the Brygos tomb, see Beazley (1945), 156-58, and Williams (1992a). Found with London E 140. {2} the rho written over another letter, perhaps iota. C. Fränkel suggests miswritten for hυβρις. Williams says that the first letter is cramped and may be miswritten for kappa. [Κυδρις, which W. translates as `lusty', is not in Pape, but names in Κυδρο- are.] The photo in CVA, pl. 63,a, seems to show a miswritten letter having three vertical strokes. {3} C. Smith wrongly read Nεφσις.
  • CAVI Comments: The phiale held by Chrysippos is gilded. Iris' name is in the accusative; it depends on the verbs implicit in the satyr names, Echon and Lepsis. The signature is in large letters widely and evenly spaced: Brygos is on one side and epoiesen directly opposite, filling exactly one half of the circle; there is one letter space between the words on either side. Williams in CVA notes that the name is under side A and the verb under side B. For the separation of name and verb W. compares London E 44 (on a handle); perhaps the Getty Iliupersis cup [Malibu 83.AE.362.+]; and New York 1981.11.9 (Euthymides). FR thinks Chrysippos and Zeuchso are names of heroes (but Robertson does not; LGPN ii lists them as historical names); the picture resembles those on votive tablets, cf. the votive marble plaque, Furtwängler (1883–7), i, 37 and n. 4. Simon (1982) discusses the Ext., which she thinks is from a satyr play (as did FR), perhaps `Iris,' perhaps by Pratinas; see also FR and Cambitoglou; Beazley (1910), 57; Haspels (1936), 20; A. Kossatz-Deissmann, LIMC iv, 696-97 (Hera) and v, 751-52 (Iris); Williams (1992a), who says that Hera has sent Iris to a sanctuary of Dionysus to stop the sacrifice, but the satyrs have caught her and other satyrs threaten Hera herself, but the imminent arrival of Heracles will probably save her. Simon links the satyr names on B with names of dogs. Attic alphabet, but sigma mainly four-stroke. Dotted delta. Tailed rho in the signature only.
  • CAVI Number: 4473
  • AVI Bibliography: [[Helbig (1872), 39–41/1]]. — Hartwig (1893), 687/6. — C.H. Smith in BM Cat. E (1896), 86-87 (not ill.). — FR (1904–32), i, 238-45, fig. on p. 239, pl. 47 (drs.). — C. Fränkel (1912), 31ff., 90/c. — ARV[2] (1963), 370/13, 1649. — Cambitoglou (1968), 8, 20-23, pls. 1,4-5, 8,1, and 9,1-2. — Para. (1971), 365, 367. — Wegner (1973), pls. 6-7, 16b, 34a, 38a, 40g. — Simon (1982), 125-29. — D. Williams (1985), fig. 50,a-g: vases from the Brygos tomb in colored pictures. — Add.[2] (1989), 224 (much bibl.). — AttScr (1990), no. 551. — Kossatz-Deissmann (1991), 148 (Babakchos 1, much bibl.), 155 (Hydris 1). — Robertson (1992), 96 and fig. 90 (B). — D. Williams (1992a), 622-23, figs. 3-5 (excellent pictures). — D. Williams, CVA London 9, Great Britain 17 (1993), 58/45, pls. 62-64, figs. 3,g (facs. of sig.) and 11,b (profile) (vast bibl.).
  • CAVI / AVI Data from Henry Immerwahr's Corpus of Attic Vase Inscriptions (CAVI), updated by Rudoph Wachter's Attic Vase Inscriptions (AVI)
  • Image Credits: FURTWANGLER-REICHHOLD DRAWINGS: Please consult with Williams College Special Collections staff and Williams College Visual Resources Center staff, regarding questions about publishing and accessing materials from Williams College Special Collections. Researchers are responsible for handling any copyright issues that may be associated with collections and materials.
  • Pleiades URI:
  • Coordinates: 41.100278,14.221244
  • Pleiades Coordinates: 41.0860925,14.250207
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