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1802, Satricum, Temple of Mater Matuta - Etrusco-Ionian roof

  • Record number: 1802
  • Site: Satricum
  • Building or zone: Temple of Mater Matuta - Etrusco-Ionian roof
  • Roof element: Revetment plaques,figural
  • Comparanda: Caere: Berlin TC 6681.9b, Y 2163, Y 2162, TC 6681.7 (14)
  • Remarks: Restored at top: fragment of deep torus above flat fascia and cavetto, with well-preserved paint including, on torus, 4 rows of incised scale pattern with diagonal bands of scales (W scale 3.1, plus outline 3.8); on flat fascia, oblique black band (W 4); on cavetto, painted tongue pattern with alternating black tongues with white outline/white with black outline/red with black outlines (W tongue 3.7, + outline 4.4). Restored below cavetto: fragment of relief figured frieze below roll, with pair of riders moving to left, near rider turning backwards & drawing bow against pursuing pair, far rider's face in 3/4 view & left hand grasping rein of near horse. Riders' heads overlap roll.
  • Bibliography: Andrén 1940, p. 457, No. I:1a, Pl. 138:486; Knoop 1987, pp. 237-239, no. 173, figs. 6-7, pl. 72 (10033/SN256); Winter 2009a, pp. 448-449, 6.D.1.b, Ill. 6.12.2
  • Publication record: Antefixa Satricana. Sixth-century architectural terracottas from the sanctuary of Mater Matuta at Satricum. Author: Knoop, R.R.. Place of publication: Assen. Publication Date: 1987
    Architectural terracottas from Etrusco-Italic Temples. Author: Andrén, A.. Place of publication: Lund/Leipzig. Publication Date: 1939-1940
    Symbols of Wealth and Power: Architectural Terracotta Decoration in Etruria and Central Italy, 640-510 B.C.. Author: Winter, N.A.. Journal and volume number: MAAR Suppl. 9. Place of publication: Ann Arbor. Publication Date: 2009
  • Associated elements: 10033/1 (10033/SN255), 10033/3 (10033/SN257), C3, T47-3-199
  • Type of decoration: Painted scale pattern/painted tongue pattern/relief figured frieze with pair of armed riders to left, archer turned backwards
  • Last Recorded Collection: Museo Nazionale Etrusco di Villa Giulia
  • Height: 40
  • Width: 34
  • Paint: Roll & background of plaque black. Near horse painted yellow 10YR 7/4 with purple-red 5R 3/4 rein & black bridle, black line between forelegs, hindlegs & genitals; far horse red. Near rider has brown 7.5YR 5/6 tunic & red-brown 10R 4/6 skin, black bow. Far rider may have yellow tunic & red-brown skin. Scales painted white with black outline/red 2.5YR 3/4 with black outline/cream 10YR 6/4 with brown outline/black with white outline/white 10YR 7/4 with black outline; on cavetto, alternating black/white/red tongues with black outlines
  • Condition: 3 non-joining fragments
  • Cresting decoration: Torus with painted scale pattern
  • Width strigil: 3.7/4.4
  • Decoration central fascia: Cavetto with painted tongue pattern
  • Decoration lower roll: Black band
  • Decoration main field: Relief figured frieze
  • Painted decoration only: yes
  • Length torso: 19.8
  • Width strigil: 3.7/4.4
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