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216944, ATHENIAN, Kansas City (MO), Nelson-Atkins Museum of Art, 31.80

  • Vase Number: 216944
  • Fabric: ATHENIAN
  • Technique: RED-FIGURE
  • Sub Technique: WHITE GROUND
  • Shape Name: LEKYTHOS, SQUAT
  • Date: -450 to -400
  • Attributed To: ERETRIA P by SMITH
  • Decoration: Body 1: APHRODITE AND EROS
  • Last Recorded Collection: Kansas City (MO), Nelson-Atkins Museum of Art: 31.80
  • Publication Record: Beazley, J.D., Attic Red-Figure Vase-Painters, 2nd edition (Oxford, 1963): 1248.8
    Carpenter, T.H., with Mannack, T. and Mendonca, M., Beazley Addenda, 2nd edition (Oxford, 1989): 353
    Cohen, B., The Colours of Clay, Special Techniques in Athenian Vases (Los Angeles, 2006): 130-132, NO.33 (COLOUR OF PARTS)
    Gherchanoc, F. and Huet, V. (eds.), Vetements antiques, S'habiller, se deshabiller dans les mondes anciens (Arles, 2012): 159, FIGS.12-13 (COLOUR OF PARTS OF BD2)
    Jahrbuch des Deutschen Archäologischen Instituts: 102 (1987), 191, FIG.7 (PART)
    Lexicon Iconographicum Mythologiae Classicae: IV, PL.26, EUNOMIA 1 (PARTS)
    Lexicon Iconographicum Mythologiae Classicae: VI, PL.7, KEPHALOS 30 (PART OF BD2)
    Lexicon Iconographicum Mythologiae Classicae: VII, PL.94, PAIDIA 1A (PART)
    Lezzi-Hafter, A., Der Eretria-Maler, Werke und Weggefährten (Mainz, 1988): 215, FIG.73A, PLS.156-7, NO.240 (INCLUDING PROFILE)
    Shapiro, H.A., Personifications in Greek Art, The Representation of Abstract Concepts 600-400 BC (Zurich, 1993): 81, 182, 204, FIGS.33-34, 139, 164 (PARTS)
    Smith, A.C., Polis and Personification in Classical Athenian Art (Leiden, 2011): FIGS.5.8, 5.18 (PARTS)
  • AVI Web:
  • AVI Record Number: 4036
  • LIMC ID: 10545
  • LIMC Web:
  • CAVI Collection: Kansas City 31.80.
  • CAVI Lemma: WG squat lekythos. From Apiro (Macerata)? Eretria Painter. Last quarter fifth. 420-415 (Lezzi-Hafter). Ca. 420 (Shapiro).
  • CAVI Subject: Shoulder: a woman (Aphrodite?) and Eros{1}. Body: a young mother, with a baby facing her; at left, Antheia and Peitho; at right, Eunomia (or Harmonia) and Paidia.
  • CAVI Inscriptions: Body: above the head of the woman at left: Ανθεια. Similar for the second woman from the left: Πειθω. Woman seated with a bird in her right hand: the inscription lost{2}. A baby boy moves toward her. To right of the woman's chest: Κεφαλος{3}. Woman with a platter; above her: (Ε)υνο̣μ̣ια̣{4}. Woman with a necklace; above her: Παιδια{5}.
  • CAVI Footnotes: {1} so ARV[2], but it does not agree with my readings from the photo. {2} the area above her head is restored; Jucker speaks of illegible traces. {3} so ARV[2] in transcription and AK Beiheft and LIMC in Greek letters. The photo is not clear: my reading differs: the second letter is probably an epsilon; the fourth letter is NOT alpha; the fifth letter is miswritten, perhaps intended for a three-stroke sigma, but the sigmas are irregular. I thought the reading ought to be Κ(ε)φι(σ)ος, but that is hardly likely. L.-H. reads: to right of the woman's face, and above the baby: Κεφη̣μος [but the eta seems quite clear in the photo, very narrow]. Shapiro: Jucker read Kephalos; L.-H. and others cited by her read Kephimos or Kephemos. [See L.-H., p. 233 and n. 371: Κεφαλος, I. Jucker. Κεφιμος, Blösch. Κεφημος, H.R.W. Smith. Κεφη̣μος, L.-H.]. Shapiro himself, vidit: ΚΕΑ[.]ΜΟΣ. {4} so my reading of the photo.; the second letter is upsilon, not rho. L.-H. reads: Ε̣υ̣ν̣ομ̣ια or ḥα̣ρ̣μ̣ον̣ια; Shapiro argues against Harmonia. Shapiro reads ΕΥNΟNΙΑ, i.e. Ευνομια misspelled (see p. 82 n. 173). {5} except for the first, the inscriptions are taken from my notes.
  • CAVI Comments: Mixed alphabet. Omega nearly pointed, typical of Eretria Painter. - Shapiro: for the central figure in the body picture, Jucker suggested Eukleia or Aphrodite. U. Kron, following H.R.W. Smith, suggested Herse, the mother of Kephalos (see Kron in LIMC i, 291, s.v. Aglauros, Herse, Pandrosos, no. 36). Simon (1990), 67-83, returns to Kephalos. L.-H. thinks of a funeral connection, whence the identity of the woman is not so important. I think the inscriptions are hard to read, but it is likely that Kephalos and perhaps other names are miswritten. Kephi/emos does not exist in Pape.
  • CAVI Number: 4036
  • AVI Bibliography: Photo. — ARV[2] (1963), 1248/8. — I. Jucker (1973), 63, pl. 20. — LIMC i (1981), Aglauros, Herse, Pandrosos 36*. — LIMC ii (1984), Aphrodite 1261. — Lezzi-Hafter (1988), 233-34, 344/240, pls. 156-57. — LIMC iv (1988), Eukleia 13, Eunomia 1*. — Add.[2] (1989), 353. — LIMC v (1990), Horai 38. — LIMC vi (1992), Kephalos 30*. — Shapiro (1993), 237/30, 80-82, figs. 33-34, 182, fig. 139, 204, fig. 164 (the last three pictures show several inscriptions). — LIMC vii (1994), Paidia 1a*, Peitho 28.
  • CAVI / AVI Data from Henry Immerwahr's Corpus of Attic Vase Inscriptions (CAVI), updated by Rudoph Wachter's Attic Vase Inscriptions (AVI)
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