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217462, ATHENIAN, London, British Museum, London, British Museum, 1898,0716.6

  • Vase Number: 217462
  • Fabric: ATHENIAN
  • Technique: RED-FIGURE
  • Shape Name: KRATER, BELL
  • Provenance: GREECE
  • Date: -425 to -375
  • Inscriptions: ANAPHLYSTIOS
    HERMOKLES
    NIKIAS
    Signature: NIKIASERMOKLEOUSANAPHLYSTIOSEPOIESEN
  • Attributed To: NIKIAS P by BEAZLEY
  • Decoration: A: TORCH RACE, MAN AND YOUTHS, NIKE AND OLD MAN WITH STAFF (PROMETHEUS ?) AT ALTAR
    B: DRAPED YOUTHS, SOME WITH STAFFS, ONE WITH STRIGIL, HALTERES SUSPENDED
  • Current Collection: London, British Museum: 1898.7-16.6
  • Previous Collections:
  • Publication Record: Beazley, J.D., Attic Red-Figure Vase-Painters, 2nd edition (Oxford, 1963): 1333.1
    Beazley, J.D., Attische Vasenmaler des rotfigurigen Stils (Tübingen, 1925): 466.1
    Beazley, J.D., Paralipomena (Oxford, 1971): 480
    Boardman, J., Athenian Red Figure Vases, The Classical Period (London, 1989): FIG.319 (A)
    Carpenter, T.H., with Mannack, T. and Mendonca, M., Beazley Addenda, 2nd edition (Oxford, 1989): 365
    Christesen, P. and Kyle, D.G. (eds.), A companion to Sport and Spectacle in Greek and Roman Antiquity (Malden, 2014): 82, FIG.5.1 (A)
    Coulson, W.D.E. et al. (eds.), The Archaeology of Athens and Attica under the Democracy (Oxford, 1994): 153, FIG.2 (DRAWING OF A)
    During, B.S., Wossink, A., and Akkermans, P.M.M.G. (eds.), Correlates of Complexity, Essays in Archaeology and Assyriology, Dedicated to Diederik J.W. Meijer in Honour of his 65th Birthday (Leiden, 2011): 210, FIG.17.3 (DRAWING OF A)
    Fröhner, W., La Collection Tyszkiewicz (Munich, 1902): PL.35
    Gebauer, J., Pompe und Thysia, attische Tieropferdarstellungen auf schwarz- und rotfigurigen Vasen (Münster, 2002): 778, FIG.286 (DRAWING OF A)
    Hoppin, A., A handbook of Attic red-figured vases signed by or attributed to the various masters of the sixth and fifth centuries B.C. (Cambridge, 1919): II, 219
    International Congress of Classical Archaeology, 12, Athens, 1983. Praktika, 2-3 Tou XII Diethnous Synedriou Klasikes Archaiologias, Athena, 4-10 Sep: VOL.C, PL.60.3 (PART OF A)
    Kaltsas N. (ed.), Agon, Exhibition catalogue (Athens, 2004): 236, NO.125 (COLOUR OF A)
    Kephalidou, E., Nikitis, Eikonographiki meleti tou archaiou ellinikou athlitismou (Thessaloniki, 1996): PL.56.G4 (A)
    Kressirer, K., Das Greisenalter in der griechischen Antike. Untersuchung der Vasenbilder und Schriftquellen der archaischen und klassischen Zeit (Hamburg, 2016): 878. NO.1185 (PART OF A)
    Matheson, S.B. and Pollitt, J.J., Old Age in Greek and Roman Art (Yale, 2022): 247, APP.180 (COLOUR OF A)
    Smith, A.C., Polis and Personification in Classical Athenian Art (Leiden, 2011): FIG.9.3 (A)
    Thöne, C., Ikonographische Studien zu Nike im 5.Jh.v.Chr., Untersuchungen zu Wirkungsweise und Wesensart, Archäologie & Geschichte 8 (Heidelberg, 1999): PL.8.4 (A)
    Valavanis, P., Games and sanctuaries in ancient Greece: Olympia, Delphi, Isthmia, Nemea, Athens (Los Angeles, 2004): 14, FIG.1 (COLOUR OF A)
    van Straten, F.T., Hiera Kala: Images of Animal Sacrifice in Archaic and Classical Greece (Leiden, 1995): FIG.142 (DRAWING OF A)
  • AVI Web: https://www.avi.unibas.ch/DB/searchform.html?ID=4876
  • AVI Record Number: 4702
  • LIMC ID: 6776
  • LIMC Web: http://ark.dasch.swiss/ark:/72163/080e-74039a34ec124-9
  • British Museum Link: https://www.britishmuseum.org/collection/object/G_1898-0716-6
  • CAVI Collection: London 98.7-16.6.
  • CAVI Lemma: RF bell krater. From Greece. Nikias Painter. Late fifth.
  • CAVI Subject: A: three torch-racers (one at an altar), Nike and Prometheus(?). B: three youths.
  • CAVI Inscriptions: A: on the youth's head bands in BG: αιν ΙΙ. Αντιοχ(). | (a stroke inclined to left) and αϲ ΙΙ Ι. On the BG rim of the foot, Gr.: Nικιας Ερμοκλεους{1}. Αναφλυστιος εποιεσεν.
  • CAVI Footnotes: {1} so ARV[2]; ARV[1] has Ε[ρ]μοκλεους, AA, Ε[ρμ]οκλεους. For the ending, see Threatte (1996), 191.
  • CAVI Comments: Αντιοχος or Αντιοχις? Kron opts for the former. The vase is in praise of the painter's citizenship, since his deme is in the tribe Antiochis. For the inscriptions ARV[2] refers to Fröhner, p. 33. Beazley also states that the man in a himation on A cannot be the Basileus as he is white-haired; he may be Prometheus. [The torch race started at the altar of Prometheus]. Robertson (1992), 250, lists Ferrara T. 563, ARV[2] 1286, middle, Alfieri (1979), fig. 216, as having on the Ext. torch racers with similar headdresses. Ionic except epsilon for eta in epoiesen. Beazley does not say that the signature is incised, but that is right.
  • CAVI Number: 4702
  • AVI Bibliography: Photo (A). — A.S. Murray (1899), 206 vi 8 (not ill.). — Fröhner (1902), 33, pl. 35. — ARV[2] (1963), 1333/1. — Para. (1971), 480. — Kron (1976), 279/A 2, pl. 27,6; cf. 193. — Oakley (1987), 123 n. 2 (vast bibl.). — Add.[2] (1989), 365. — Boardman (1989), fig. 319. — AttScr (1990), no. 800. — Threatte (1996), 191 and 721.
  • CAVI / AVI Data from Henry Immerwahr's Corpus of Attic Vase Inscriptions (CAVI), updated by Rudoph Wachter's Attic Vase Inscriptions (AVI)
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Link to this record using the address https://www.beazley.ox.ac.uk/record/6572A182-6922-474D-B2B8-FA76D64CFD82

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