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1624, Pyrgi, Temple A

  • Record number: 1624
  • Site: Pyrgi
  • Building or zone: Temple A
  • Position: Pediment
  • Roof element: Columen plaques
  • Remarks: Large handmade relief plaque with multifigure composition of Seven against Thebes, with death of Tydeos & Melanippos in presence of Athena. 2/3 life-size figures. Helmet of Athena with palmette & double spiral painted on front, palmette on side, checkerboard on base of crest. Wings of Athena similar to sphinxes, aegis, painted with downward pointing scale pattern, held to side by Athena's raised left hand. Strut between arm & head of right warrior. Bottom edge painted with box meander = base/plinth. Made in 2 large pieces, with no surface of levigated clay. Back of plaque with many openings & hollows, irregular. Slope of plaque top edge indicates 18 degree slope.
  • Bibliography: Pyrgi 1970, pp. 48ff.; Proietti 1980, p. 151, figs. 188-189; Sprenger & Bartoloni 1983, pp. 128-129, pls. 179, 180, 181; La civiltà degli Etruschi 1985, 10.17; Colonna 1996, pp. 21-40 (new reconstruction)
  • Publication record: Il Museo Nazionale Etrusco di Villa Giulia
    L'altorilievo di Pyrgi. Dei ed eroi greci in Etruria
    La civiltà degli Etruschi
    Pyrgi. Scavi nel santuario etrusco (1959-1967)
    The Etruscans: their history, art, and architecture
  • Associated elements: Roof elements
  • Type of decoration: Seven against Thebes
  • Current Collection: Museo Nazionale Etrusco di Villa Giulia
  • Mouldmade: no
  • Height: 1.40
  • Width: 1.40
  • Clay: Buff
  • Paint: Red-brown skin of male figures, black hair & beards
  • Condition: Restored from many fragments
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