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310008, ATHENIAN, Florence, Museo Archeologico Etrusco, Berlin, lost, 3773

  • Vase Number: 310008
  • Fabric: ATHENIAN
  • Technique: BLACK-FIGURE
  • Shape Name: AMPHORA, NECK
  • Provenance: ITALY, ETRURIA, TARQUINIA
  • Date: -575 to -525
  • Attributed To: CASTELLANI P by BOTHMER
    TYRRHENIAN GROUP by THIERSCH
  • Decoration: A1: AMPHIARAOS DEPARTING, WOMEN, ONE WITH CHILD, SOME MOURNING, OLD MEN, ONE SQUATTING, MAN IN CHARIOT, WITH BOEOTIAN SHIELD, DEVICE, GOAT AND LION HEADS
    A2: AMAZONOMACHY, HERAKLES AND AMAZONS, WARRIORS, SOME FALLEN, GATES (CITY WALLS ?)
    AB3-4: ANIMAL FRIEZES, PANTHERS, RAMS, DEER, BOAR
    B1: CHARIOT RACE (FUNERARY GAMES ?), CHARIOTS, MAN AND HORSE FALLEN, COLUMN, ONLOOKERS ON TOMB, TRIPOD
    B2: EROTIC, SATYRS AND MAENADS, SATYR AND MULE, SOME DANCING, DIONYSOS IN CHITONISKOS AND NEBRIS, DANCING
    Neck A: FIGHT, WARRIORS, ONE FALLEN, BETWEEN HORSEMEN, BIRD
    Neck B: WARRIORS ARMING, WOMEN, ONE WITH BOEOTIAN SHIELD
  • Last Recorded Collection: Berlin, lost: F1711
  • Previous Collections:
    • Florence, Museo Archeologico Etrusco: 3773
  • Publication Record: American Journal of Archaeology: 99 (1995) 622, FIG.3 (NB, B1)
    Beazley, J.D., Attic Black-Figure Vase-Painters (Oxford, 1956): 95.8, 683
    Beazley, J.D., Paralipomena (Oxford, 1971): 34, 36
    Blok, J.H., The Early Amazons, Modern and Ancient Perspectives on a Persistent Myth (Leiden, 1995): PLS.8A-B (A2-4)
    Carpenter, T.H., Art and Myth in Ancient Greece (London, 1991): FIG.267 (DRAWING)
    Carpenter, T.H., with Mannack, T. and Mendonca, M., Beazley Addenda, 2nd edition (Oxford, 1989): 25
    Classical Antiquity: 25 (2006) FIG.3 AT 325 (B)
    Corpus Vasorum Antiquorum: BERLIN, ANTIKENSAMMLUNG 14, 120-121, BEILAGE 21.1, PL.() View Whole CVA Plates
    De Puma, R.D., and Penny Small, J. (eds.), Murlo and the Etruscans, Art and Society in Ancient Etruria (Madison, 1994): 108, FIG.11.12 (A1)
    Esposito, A.M. and Tommaso, G. (eds.), Museo Archeologico Nazionale di Firenze, Vasi Attici (Firenze, 1993): 26, FIG.21 (COLOUR OF PART OF A)
    Filser, W., Die Elite Athens auf der attischen Luxuskeramik, Image & Context 16 (Berlin, Munich, Boston, 2017): 425426, FIGS.266A-B (DRAWINGS OF AB1)
    Girard, T., L'oblique dans le monde grec (Oxford, 2015): 74, FIG.33 (PARTS OF A2)
    Godde, S. and Heinze, T. (eds.), Skenika, Beiträge zum antiken Theater und seiner Rezeption, Festschrift Horst-Dieter Blume (Darmstadt, 2000): PL.2.4 (PART OF B1)
    Greek Vases in the J.Paul Getty Museum: (1991) 34, FIG.3 (PART OF A1)
    Jovino, M.B., and Chiesa, F. (eds.), L'ara della regina di Tarquinia, aree sacre, santuari mediterranei, Giornata di studio, Milano, 13 giugno 2007 (Milan, 2009): 169, FIG.20 (PART OF NB, B1)
    Jurriaans-Helle, G., Composition in Athenian Black-Figure Vase-Painting: The Chariot in Profile Type Scene. Babesch Supplementa 41 (Leuven, Paris, and Bristol, 2021): 49, 215, FIG.13 (A1)
    Kressirer, K., Das Greisenalter in der griechischen Antike. Untersuchung der Vasenbilder und Schriftquellen der archaischen und klassischen Zeit (Hamburg, 2016): 825, 845, NOS.3, 317 (PARTS OF A1)
    Lexicon Iconographicum Mythologiae Classicae: VII, PL.212, PELIOU ATHLA 11 (PART OF B)
    Moraw, S. and Nölle, E. (eds.), Die Geburt des Theaters in der griechischen Antike (Mainz, 2002): 35, FIG.28 (COLOUR OF PART OF B1)
    Muth, S., Gewalt im Bild, Das Phänomen der medialen Gewalt im Athen des 6. und 5. Jahrhunderts v. Chr. (Berlin, 2008): 341, FIG.234 (PARTS OF A2 AND B2)
    Reusser, C. and Bürge, M. (eds.), Exekias und seine Welt: Tagung an der Universität Zürich vom 1.–2. März 2019, Züricher Archäologische Forschungen 8 (Zurich, 2022): PL.23B (COLOUR OF A1)
    Schefold, K., Götter- und Heldensagen der Griechen in der Früh- und Hocharchaischen Kunst (Munich, 1993): 240-241, FIG.257A-B (PARTS)
    Shapiro H.A., Myth into Art, Poet and Painter in Classical Athens (London, 1994): 37, FIGS.21-22 (PARTS OF A AND B)
    Staatliche Museen zu Berlin, Antikensammlung, Dokumentation der Verluste, V.1, Skulpturen, Vasen, Elfenbein und Knochen, Goldschmuck, Gemmen und Kameen (Berlin, 2005): 115, F 177 (NOT ILLUSTRATED)
  • AVI Web: https://www.avi.unibas.ch/DB/searchform.html?ID=3717
  • AVI Record Number: 3540
  • LIMC ID: 43325
  • LIMC Web: http://ark.dasch.swiss/ark:/72163/080e-7609d68f6b4e1-d
  • CAVI Collection: Florence 3773.+
  • CAVI Lemma: Fragmentary BF Tyrrhenian neck amphora. From Tarquinia. Castellani Painter (Bothmer). Third quarter sixth. Early period (Kluiver).
  • CAVI Subject: Body: upper zones: A: Amphiaraos leaving home. B: chariot race{1}. Lower zones: A: Heracles and Amazons. B: Dionysus with satyrs and maenads. Neck: A: fight. B: arming: the right half is clear: a nude and bearded man is confronted by three women, two of whom carry shields, the third a sword(?).
  • CAVI Inscriptions: Nonsense: neck: B: at the extreme lower right, facing the margin: (α)(ε)φχι{2}. Shoulder: A: to right of the head of the charioteer of the second chariot: γ(τ)ο(ε){3}. Between the wheel and the rear of the horses of the front chariot: οτοακγ{4}. Between the horses' legs: γτο(ε){5}.
  • CAVI Footnotes: {1} Shapiro thinks the subject is the Funeral Games for Patroclus: three chariots are racing; the last is crashing to the ground; at right, a goal post with a cauldron on top; bleachers with six unlookers; a tripod. {2} the first letter is a blob; the second is uncertain but perhaps an epsilon, though not lying on its side as the others; the third letter is a phi or perhaps theta. {3} the tau is not clear; the epsilon is horizontal with short vertical strokes; this could also be read retr. {5} epsilon as the last. The inscription is identical with the first in this scene.
  • CAVI Comments: + Berlin 1711. Very peculiar letter forms, characteristic of the Castellani Painter.
  • CAVI Number: 3540
  • AVI Bibliography: Thiersch (1899), pls. 3-4 (drs), and p. 64. — FR (1904–32), iii, 5, figs. 2-3 (after Thiersch, pl. 4). — ABV (1956), 95/8, 683. — Para. (1971), 36. — Add.[2] (1989), 25. — AttScr (1990), no. 280. — Carpenter (1991), fig. 267. — Esposito–De Tommaso (1993), pl. 21. — R. Blatter, LIMC vii (1994), Peliou athla. — Shapiro (1994), 35 and 37, figs. 21-22 (A, B, neck and shoulder). — McGowan (1995), 622, fig. 2. — Kluiver (1996), 9/180 and 13 (inscrr. mentioned), figs. 17-18 (17 shows 2 nonsense inscrr., faintly).
  • CAVI / AVI Data from Henry Immerwahr's Corpus of Attic Vase Inscriptions (CAVI), updated by Rudoph Wachter's Attic Vase Inscriptions (AVI)
  • Pleiades URI: https://pleiades.stoa.org/places/413332
  • Coordinates: 42.254315,11.759148
  • Pleiades Coordinates: 42.2545322,11.7581734667
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Link to this record using the address https://www.beazley.ox.ac.uk/record/4D5DE3AB-8CD4-4783-98C7-D497420231C8

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