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37. Joined heads

These are traditionally known as grylli. There are combinations of various human and animal heads, sometimes with animal legs. The ingredients are not always clear from illustrations. On the type, see J. Boardman in Ancient Art in Seals (ed. E. Porada, 1980) 113-114, and forthcoming (Studies...P.R.S. Moorey).

West

37/1 Ibiza no. 96 (Madrid 37026). BH;PB. Three bald bearded heads, the central one frontal; above, two horse foreparts; below, two boar heads emerging from a cross-hatched omphalos. I

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37/2 Ibiza no. 97 (Ibiza 2888). BH;PB. Frontal bearded head with satyr head at either side; above, two ram heads, a rosette between them; below, two lion heads and a bull head. I

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37/3 Ibiza no. 98. BH. Janiform bearded and African heads, with patterned collar; above, ram and lion heads. I

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37/4 Ibiza no. 99 (Barcelona 9288). BH. Bearded head; above, lion head; behind, African head and lion (?) head. III

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37/5 Ibiza no. 100 (Boston 27.764, LHG no. 12, pl. 2). BH. Youthful head wearing crested helmet; the helmet bowl, janiform satyr head, lion head. I

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37/6 Ibiza no. 101 (Moreno 6). Fragment. BH. Janiform African and bearded heads; above, cock head (?); below, lion head. III

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37/7 Ibiza no. 102 (Ibiza 6149). BH. Janiform bearded heads; collar. III

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37/8 Madrid no. no. BH. African head; lion head and ram head above; the main head, with hatched collar, is missing.

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37/9 Cagliari 9555 (Spano 95), from Tharros. BH. African head; lion head.

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37/10 Cagliari 9556 (Spano 56), from Tharros. Fragment. BL. Bearded head + ?

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37/11 Cagliari 19870, from Tharros. BH. Bearded head; lion head. III

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37/12 Cagliari 19869, from Tharros. AG pl. 15.87. BH. Bearded head, its beard a whole bird; top, eagle head; back, satyr head and boar head. III

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37/13 Cagliari 19872 (Busacchi, BAS 10, 91), from Tharros. OrAnt 18 (1979) pl. 17b. BH; on gold hoop C. Janiform African heads, boar heads, lion heads; centrally, facing bearded bald head. I

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37/14 Cagliari 19871, from Tharros. AG pl. 15.88; OrAnt 18 (1979) pl. 17.1a. BH; on gold hoop C. Above, ram head, lion head; two facing heads, one bearded; below, eagle head?, boar head. I

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37/15 Cagliari 15008 (Timon), from Caralis. Ebers, pl. H 71; AG pl. 15.91. BH. Forepart of horse, profile head at base of neck. I

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37/16 Cagliari 9566 (Spano 101), from Tharros. Ebers, pl. H 74; AG pl. 15.86. BH. Male head, ram head. III

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37/17 London no. 428, pl. 7 (BM ANE 134289; once Story-Maskelyne, pl. 1.14), from Tharros. AG pl. 15.89. BH; gold studs in eyes; on gold hoop B. Bearded head, its beard a full bird; top a satyr's head, behind, a African head; below, boar forepart with legs. I

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37/18 Tharros pl. 59e (BM ANE 133440), London no. 407. BH;PB. Facing bearded head; African head to one side over a boar forepart. I

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37/19 Tharros pl. 60a (BM ANE 133360), London no. 427; LRings no. 292. Hölbl, Sard no. 164. BH;PB; on a gold hoop, splaying A. Small frontal Bes head with African head at either side; below, a bird, with a lion forepart at one side, at the other, lion and ram heads. I

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37/20 Oxford III, no. 490 (Fortnum G 20), from Tharros. BH;PB. Janiform bearded head and African head; above, lion and ram heads; below, cavetto base? I

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37/21 Carthage no. 595. BH;PB. Head of youth; lion head behind; eagle head above. I

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37/22 Carthage no. 596. BH. Head of youth; griffin head and neck behind (?); eagle head above. III

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37/23 Carthage no. 597. BH. Janiform bearded and beardless heads sharing a petasos (?), wearing a semicircular patterned collar. I

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37/24 Carthage no 598. BH. Janiform bearded and beardless heads; collar? III

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37/25 Carthage no. 599 (Carthage Mus.). BH. Janiform beardless heads; crosshatched hair/cap; collar. V

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37/26 Carthage no. 600 (Carthage Mus.). BH;PB. Frontal plump head (African?) with two bearded heads above. III

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37/27 Carthage no. 601. BH. Satyr head; lion head above; behind, African head and lion forepart. I

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East

37/28 London, no. 321, pl. 6, from north of Tell Defenneh (Egypt). Zazoff, pl. 22.6. Fragment. BH. Bearded head with lion head helmet; below, a hatched area with hooks - watery? I

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37/29 Oxford III, no. 481 (1890.116), bought in Beirut. Nunn no. 71. BH. Small frontal head with bearded head to one side (other side missing); below, two lion heads. III

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Other

37/30 Paris, BN, Chandon de Briailles. BH;PB. Janiform bearded and African heads; above, ram and lion heads. I

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37/31 Market, California. BL. Bearded head, its beard a whole bird; behind, lion forepart; above, eagle attacking goat. III/V

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37/32 Sotheby, 11.7.1966, no. 200. BH. Bearded head, its beard a whole bird; above, a satyr head, behind, a African head and boar forepart. Compare London no. 428.

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37/33 UK, Private. BH. Bearded haed, its beard a whole bird; above and behind, an eagle (?) head; blank cartouche. Cf. 37/X4

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Other materials

37/X1 From Villaricos. Astruc, pl. 32.35; Siret, pl. 6.8. 'barro esmaltado'. BH. Head of youth; above, ram head; behind?

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37/X2 Karthago II, no. 408. Clay bulla. BH. Lion head and bearded head; above?; boar's head below.

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37/X3 Karthago II, no. 414. Clay bulla. In mount. Lion head, youth's head; above?

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37/X4 Hanover no. 17, pl. 4 (1970.9). Zazoff, pl. 21.2. Cornelian. BH. Bearded head, its beard as a whole bird; above, eagle head.

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