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9. Hawks

All carry flail and crook, unless otherwise stated.

A. Displayed

West

9/1 Chessa Coll. Ann 1883 pl. F 17; Hölbl, Sard no. 199. BL. On a hatched 'mountain'; disc-crowned. VI

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Other

9/2 Sternberg, Aukt. 24 (1990) no. 404. BH. Disc-crowned.

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9/3 Sternberg, Aukt. 33 (1997) no. 1271. BL;EXO. Standing with spread wings between two ankhs.

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B. Standing, wings carried forward.

West

9/4 Ibiza no. 25 (Barcelona 9366). BH;EXnb;PB. Red crown, standing on lotus flower, protecting disc-and-horns crowned uraeus. V

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9/5 Tharros pl. 55f (BM ANE 133538), London no. 362, pl. 6. Hölbl, Sard no. 195. BH;PB. Double-crowned protecting uraeus with double crown; on lotus with side buds. I

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9/6 Cagliari 19733, from Tharros. BH;EXnb; in gold hoop C. Disc-crowned, protecting disc-crowned uraeus. VI

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9/7 Cagliari 19735, from Tharros. BH. Double-crowned, protecting a disc-crowned uraeus, standing on a cross hatched 'mountain'. V

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9/8 Spano Coll. 47. Hölbl, Sard no. 183. As the last?

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9/9 Como, Mus.Civ., from Tharros. RSF 6 (1978) pl. 6.3 (Pisano); Hölbl, Sard no. 184. BH. Double-crowned, protecting uraeus, standing on a cross-hatched 'mountain'.

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9/10 Como, Mus.Civ., from Tharros. Ibid., pl. 6.4; Hölbl, Sard no. 185. BH. Standing on a cross-hatched 'mountain'.

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9/11 From Caralis. Taramelli, 157, fig. 65; Hölbl, Sard no. 196. BH; EXV. Double crowned, protecting red-crowned uraeus.

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9/12 Paris, BN, Pauvert no. 29, pl. 4, from Sardinia. BH. Hölbl, Sard no. 185. Double-crowned with crook and flail protecting uraeus on cross-hatched 'mountain'. V

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9/13 Carthage no. 556. BH. Double-crowned, with crook and flail, standing on a cross-hatched 'mountain'; a uraeus in front. V

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9/14 Carthage no. 557. BH. With uraei-disc crown; over a lotus flower with side buds. Half missing, in profile but the one wing visible seems displayed. VI

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9/15 Carthage no. 558 (Carthage Mus.). BL;PB. Disc-crowned, with crook and flail, standing on a cross-hatched 'mountain'. VI

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9/16 New York, Rosen 193, from Tunisia. BH. With disc and horns crown, protecting a uraeus; on a lotus with buds. III

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East

9/17 London, BM ANE 48493 (67.9-2.4), from Byblos. Iraq 6 (1939) pl. 1.3; Biblo pl. 6.9 (Gubel). BH;EXnb;PB. Double-crowned protecting double-crowned uraeus. V

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Other

9/18 Paris, BN, Chandon de Briailles. BH. Standing on hatched 'mountain', protecting double-crowned uraeus. V

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C. Standing, wings folded.

The type appears also on what appear to be ringstones, 4th-century or later, where the bird, on a cavetto base, is faced by a profile African head: Tassie, nos. 171-2.

West

9/19 Ibiza no. 26 (Madrid 36987). BH. Double crown, standing on cavetto base; pillar-incense-burner in front; an ear (?) behind. V

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9/20 Ibiza no. 24 (Madrid 36986). BH; on a silver hoop B. Double crown, standing on the back of a leaping goat. III

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9/21 Ibiza no. 27 (Barcelona 9355). BH;PB. Disc crown standing on a cross-hatched 'mountain'; incense-burner. V

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9/22 Ibiza no. 28 (Ibiza 7015). ExcArq 132 (1984) pl. 7.3-4. BL. Standing on one of three lotuses growing from cross-hatched 'mountain'; flower in front. III

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9/23 Ibiza no. 29 (Ibiza 1973). BL;EXCR. Disc crown; standing on cross-hatched 'mountain', a uraeus before it. IV

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9/24 Ibiza no. 30 (Barcelona 9369). BL. As the last. IV

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9/25 Ibiza no. 31 (Madrid 36988). BH;EXnb. Red crown (?); uraei before and behind. III

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9/26 Cagliari 384. BH. Double-crowned(?), before an incense-burner, standing on a cross-hatched 'mountain'.

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9/27 Cagliari 19734, from Tharros. BH. Disc-crowned, standing on a cross-hatched 'mountain'. VI

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9/28 Cagliari 19732, from Tharros. BH. As the last but crown uncertain. VI

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9/29 Cav. Grixoni di Cagliari, from Tharros. Marmora, pl. A 58; Hölbl, Sard no. 182. BH. Disc-crowned standing on cross-hatched 'mountain'.

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9/30 Cagliari 9461, from Tharros (Spano). BH. Red-crowned, a uraeus in front, standing on a double-cavetto base. III

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9/31 Spano Coll. BAS 3, 96, pl. 1.4; Hölbl, Sard no. 188. BH. Double-crowned, an ankh in front, standing an a cavetto base (?).

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9/32 Cagliari 9458, from Tharros. BAS 2, 137 and 7, 194; Ebers, pl. F 3; Marmora, pl. A 59; Hölbl, Sard no. 187. BH; on gold hoop A. Double-crowned, standing on three lotuses, a lotus in front. VI

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9/33 Chessa Coll. Ebers, pl. F 4; Hölbl, Sard no. 193. BH;EXnb. With hmhm crown.

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9/34 Cagliari 347, from Tharros. Anecd pl. 24.B5; Hölbl, Sard no. 189. BH; on gold hoop A. IV

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9/35 Cagliari 18, from Tharros. BL. Not a hawk, disc-crowned, standing on a bent lotus. Marks in two groups in front =? V

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9/36 Cagliari 21642, from Tharros. As the last. V

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9/37 From Caralis. Taramelli, 157, fig. 62; Hölbl, Sard no. 190. BH;EXnb. Disc-crowned with disc-crowned uraeus in front.

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9/38 Cara Coll., from Tharros. Hölbl, Sard no. 191. Disc-crowned; inscribed?

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9/39 Carthage no. 553. BH;EXnb. Disc-crowned, holding crook and flail, disc-crowned uraeus in front. VI

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9/40 Carthage no. 554. BH. Standing on a cross-hatched 'mountain'; a uraeus in front. IV

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9/41 Carthage no. 555. BL. Disc-crowned, holding crook and flail, standing on a cross-hatched 'mountain', a uraeus in front. VI

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9/42 Kerkouan Museum. REPPAL 9 (1995) pl. 9.21. BL. As the last.

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East

9/43 Oxford III, no. 476 (1889.416), from the coast of Syria. Nunn no. 92. BL;EXO. Flail only; disc crown; letters; standing on plain mound. VI

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9/44 London BM ANE 104472 (1912.2-28.12), from Byblos. Biblo pl. 6.8 (Gubel). BL. Standing on hatched mound; uraeus in front. V

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9/45 Paris, Louvre AO 11.087. Stud.Phoen. 9 (1992) pl. 2.5 (Gubel). BH. Double-crowned with disc-crowned uraeus in front; standing on lotus with side leaves. VI

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9/46 Nicosia A.I. 2595, from A. Irini. SCE II, pl. 248.15; Reyes, no. 108. BL;EXV. Bird between two feathers. IV

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Other

9/47 London no. 287, pl. 6. BL. Red-crowned, standing on hatched mound; uraeus in front.

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9/48 Sternberg, Aukt. 24 (1990) no. 403. BH;EXnb;PB. Disc-crowned.

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Other materials

Type A

9/X1 Tharros pl. 64e (BM ANE 133327), London no. 361. Hölbl, Sard no. 197. Cornelian. In a gold mount. Standing on a cross-hatched 'mountain'; ankh at either side above; uraei below. III

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9/X2 Cagliari 19737, from Tharros. Cornelian. BL. Disc-crowned, no flail and crook but holding feathers.

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Type B

West

9/X3 Tharros pl. 64b (BM ANE 133170), London no. 360, pl. 6. Hölbl, Sard no. 194. Cornelian. Double-crowned, protecting a uraeus, on lotus flower with side buds.

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9/X4 Cagliari 19736, from Tharros. Cornelian. BL; in gold mount. Disc-crowned, uraeus in front, standing on nbw.

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9/X5 Cagliari 19762, from Tharros. Brown stone (jasper?). BL;EXO. Crude, with linear marks in field which may suggest crown and regalia.

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9/X6 Karthago III, no. 83. Clay bulla. Over three papyrus flowers.

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9/X7 Kerkouan Museum. REPPAL 9 (1995) pl. 8.20. Cornelian. In gold mount. Disc-crowned protecting disc-crowned uraeus.

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Other

9/X8 Budapest 13, figs. 16, 17 (53.94). Cornelian. BH. Protecting a uraeus.

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Type C

West

9/X9 Karthago III, no. 82. Clay bulla. Uraeus in front; over a recumbent lion. Winged disc above.

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9/X10 Karthago III, no. 84. Clay bulla. Uraeus in front; on nbw.

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9/X11 From Monte Luna. RSF 8 (1980) pl. 96.2 (Costa); Hölbl, Sard no. 192. Chalcedony. Disc-crowned, uraeus in front, over nbw.

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East

9/X12 Copenhagen NM 1985, acquired in Beirut. Onyx. BL. Double-crowned on disc-crowned uraeus; winged uzat eye or flying bird incised behind the hawk.

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